36 terms

Theatre Elizabethan

STUDY
PLAY
Creating a Professional Theatre
-Great exploration (Renaissance)
-Queen Elizabeth I
-She made it to where you couldn't do plays about political or religion
A new Theatre
Subject matter changes
-Classic literature
-historical chronicles
-legends
"Master Men"
Lord Admirals men
Lord Chamberlains men
Acting Styles
-Masks-only as disguises
-Text was spoken
-Acting starts to resemble real life
William Shakespeare
-1700 new words
-Blank verse-unryhmed
-Iamic Pentameter; unstressed syllable followed by stressed
The Globe Theatre
-3 levels of roofed galleries
-The yard-Cheapest seats
-The stage
-"The heavens"
-The Facade
Theatre Conventions
-Fludity of time and space
-Locations-established through dialogue
-Small set pieces or props
-Scenes changed-entrances and exits
A Bare stage-tranformed
Sounds
-Trumphets
-Drums
-Swords clashing
Costumes
Elizabethan dress regardless of the period
Other Playwrights
-Thomas Kyd
-Christopher Marlowe
-Ben Jonson
Revenge Tragedy
Thomas Kyd
-Evil deed avenged
-death and mutilation
-insanity or feigned insanity
-Sub-play
-Hero must die violently
The Italian Renaissance
Changed theatre through architecture
Sebastiano Servio
-Perspective scenery
-full settings
-pictorially represented
-Three dimensional scenery on flats
-converging lines
-vanishing points*
-The scene shift
Three new scenic elements
-side wings
-back drops
-overhead borders
The proscenium arch
"the picture frame stage"
The raked stage
Upstage
Downstage
Commedia Dell Arte
No full plays
Scenario
-situation, a complication, and the outcome
The "Commedia" Style
-Played everywhere
-Used only what was available-props and settings
-Wore masks
Lazzi
The comedic routines of the commedia dell arte
-Standardized bits of comic business
-Today: "slap stick" -three stooges
Types of "Stock Characters"
-Divided into 3 categories
-The servants
-The masters
-The lovers
The Servants
Adecchino "Harlequin"
-Carried a "slap stick"
-Excellent acrobat

Zanni "Servants"
-2 any
-Two clowns
-One stupid
-One clever
The masters
Pantalone
-Dirty old man
-pinches pennies
-wears red and black

Dottore "Doctor"
-carries a large book
The lovers or "Innamorati"
-Wore the latest fashions
-Children of the masters
The servant of two masters
-Fully scripted play
-Used beloved "stock characters"
The french background
-The poetics is "rediscovered"
The Neoclassical Idea
Cardinal Richeliev-declares dramatic reform
Two forms of drama
-Tragedy-kings and nobles
-Comedy-middle and lower class
-Never mix them
Theatrical lighting
-Theatre moves indoors
-Candles and oil lamps
-Chandellers and footlights (10 boxes, 3 candles, and reflectors)
-Oil lamps on poles
-Adequate lighting needed
Emergence of Romanticism
Strum and Drang (storm and stress)
-German playwrights
-Bold subjects
Romantic Ideals
Beliefs
-Embrace variety in all its forms
-complexity of the universe
-rejected the strictures of Neoclassicism
Romantic Plays
-Tangled plots
-Numerous settings
-Epic-reomantic
-Mystery and supernatural
A popular Pastime
Melodrama-the working class wanted to see something fun
Melodrama "Musical Drama"
-Clear and suspenseful plots
-Virtous protagonists
-Villians
-Daring rescues
Melodrama plot devices
-Concealed or mistake identity
-Abductions
-Strange coincidences
-Hidden document
-Poetic Justice
-evil punished
-good rewarded
-Good triumphs over evil*
Melo-conventions
Spectacular happenings
-Earthquake
-burning buildings
-explosions
Sensational Moments
-moment of great excitement
-Grand rescue
-most famous
-under the gaslight
-character tied to a railroad track
Musical Underscores
Transfered easily to film
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...