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29 terms

MS 42 Fractures + ***

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bone remodeling
process in which immature bone cells are gradually replaced by mature bone cells
closed reduction (or) manipulation
nonsurgical realignment of the bones to their previous anatomic position using traction, angulation or rotation or a combination of these
comminuted (fracture)
fracture in which the bone is broken or crushed into small pieces
compartment syndrome
serious complication of a fracture caused by internal or external pressure on the affected area, resulting in decreased blood flow, pain, and tissue damage
complete (fracture)
fracture in which the break extends across the entire bone, dividing it into two separate pieces
delayed union
fracture healing that does not occur in the normally expected time
fat embolism
condition in which fat globules are released from the marrow of the broken bone into the bloodstream, migrate to the lungs and cause pulmonary hypertension
fixation
procedure done during the open reduction surgical procedure to attach the fragments of the broken bone together when reduction alone is not feasible
fracture
break or disruption in the continuity of a bone
greenstick (fracture)
fracture in which the bone is broken on one side but only bent on the other; most common in children
incomplete (fracture)
fracture in which the bone breaks only part way across, leaving some portion of the bone intact
malunion
unsatisfactory alignment of bone post fracture resulting in external deformity and dysfunction
nonunion
failure of a fracture to heal
open (or) compound (fracture)
fracture in which the fragments of the broken bone break through the skin
open reduction
surgical procedure in which an incision is made at the fracture site, usually on patients wih open or comminuted fractures, to cleanse the area of fragments and debris
reduction
process of bringing the ends of the broken bone into proper alignment
stress (fracture)
fracture caused by either sudden force or prolonged stress
hematoma formation
stage 1:
fibrocartilage formation
stage 2:
callus formation
stage 3:
ossification
stage 4:
consolidation and remodeling
stage 5:
petaling
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two-point gait
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three-point gait
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four-point gait
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swing-to gait
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swing-through gait
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Colles' fracture
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