take 2 drug put together and they make a better impact than any by itself
enzymes that reduce the effectiveness of certain antibiotics
three rational selections for antibody?
property of antimicrobial(pharmakinetics), nature of infection, consider regular withdraw rates
gram positive stain ?
gram negative stain?
___is approved for use in lactating dairy animals?
____ can cause staining of teeth in young animals?
_____should never be given IV to horses?
Some aminoglycosides may be _____ toxic and or _____toxic?
Griseofulvin is used to treat?
A dog's _____ of activity is the range of bacteria affected by its action
aerobes are bacteria that require oxygen to live?
dermatophytosis is an _______ skin infection?
Penicillin G benzathine is a long acting antibiotic that is approved for use in dairy animals?
All of the drugs are classified as penicillines (cephalexin, amoxicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin) except?
naxcel is not approved for use in lactating dairy animals.
veterinarian commonly dispense aminoglycosides to patients with renal insufficiency?
enrofloxacin is a______
amphotericin B may be used in the treatment of mycotic fungal infection?
occurs when an animal is infected with parasites, but no clinical signs can be observed?
occurs when an animal is infected with parasites, and clinical signs can be observed
infest the outside of the body?
infect the inside of the body?
an animal with endoparasites is said to be _____; and an animal with ectoparasites is said to be ________
is administered to rid the body of endoparasites?
_______dips should never be used on cats?
IGR stands for?
Insect growth regulators
praziquantel is a drug that is used to rid the body of?
an example of _____is the bacterium Moraxella bovis, the etiologic agent of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis, or pinkeye, that is mechanically carried from the eyes of one cow to those of another on the sticky footpads of the face fly musca autumnalis?
ivermectin, moxidectin, and doramectin are in the ____class?
all of the following are monthly heartworm preventives (milbemycin oxime, selamectin, heartgard plus, diethylcarbamazine) except?
___ is the most commonly used formamindine in vet med.
_____is a topical solution that controls ascarids, hookworms, and tapeworms in felines.
An arsenic compound administered by deep IM injection in the lumbar region is ____?
albendazole is the active ingredient found in?
an organophosphate is a substance that can interfere with the function of the nervous sytem by inhibitng the enzyme cholinesterase.
advantage has great efficacy against ______, and Frontline has greater efficacy against _____.
_____ are parasitic worms, including intestinal roundworms, filarial worms, lungworms, kidney worms, heartworms, and others
pain sensation arises in free nerve endings called?
NSAIDS that selectively inhibit _____ are thought to produce fewer gastrointestinal side effects.
what is the most common side effect of the NSAID?
GI ulceration or bleeding
why are cats so susceptible to aspirin overdose?
cats metabolize aspirin very slowly
phenylbutazone should be administered parenterally by the SQ route only
what C-II opioid is administered via transdermal patch?
corticosteroid therapy involves treatment of the signs of disease and often curse the disease?
these substances regulate electrolyte and water balance in the body?
what does the term iatrogenic mean?
caused by the doctor
short term affects of corticosteroid?
pu/pd, delayed healing
long term affects of corticosteroid?
thin skin, gastric ulcers, cushings disease
prevent generation and conduction of nerve impulses by peripheral nerves?
used for infiltrating local area for suturing, nerve block, etc
the body is able to produce its own opiate-like analgesic agents called?
a substance that can initiate a fever is called?
____is also known as acetylsalicyclic acid?
______ is a pyrazolone derivative?
Flunixin meglumine is an?
DMSO causes ______ when applied topically?
_____ is considered to be one of the most effective of the opioids?
_____ is/are a major chemical mediator of the allergic response
all of the following are types of corticosteroids (dexamethasone, predef, vetalog, ketoprofen) except?
a local anesthetic such as lidocaine may be a drug of choice when an epidural is performed to replace a prolapsed uterus in bovine.
anemia is pigs can be treated with?
all the following are androgens (winstrol-v, equipoise, deca-durabolin, regu-mate) except?
a heparin flush solution may be prepared by diluting heparin in saline at a concentration of?
vitamin ____is an antidote for warfarin or dicumarol toicity?
____is the anticoagulant of choice when a WBC differential is performed.
Fluorouracil is contraindicated in ____ because of adverse side effects.