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68 terms

Pharmacology

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two antibiotics together and fight with eachother
antaconsim
take 2 drug put together and they make a better impact than any by itself
synergism
enzymes that reduce the effectiveness of certain antibiotics
beta-lactamase
three rational selections for antibody?
property of antimicrobial(pharmakinetics), nature of infection, consider regular withdraw rates
gram positive stain ?
blue
gram negative stain?
red
___is approved for use in lactating dairy animals?
Naxel
____ can cause staining of teeth in young animals?
tetracyclines
_____should never be given IV to horses?
tetracycline
Some aminoglycosides may be _____ toxic and or _____toxic?
oto, nephro
Griseofulvin is used to treat?
Dermatophytosis
A dog's _____ of activity is the range of bacteria affected by its action
spectrum
aerobes are bacteria that require oxygen to live?
true
dermatophytosis is an _______ skin infection?
fungal
Penicillin G benzathine is a long acting antibiotic that is approved for use in dairy animals?
false
All of the drugs are classified as penicillines (cephalexin, amoxicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin) except?
cephalexin
naxcel is not approved for use in lactating dairy animals.
false
veterinarian commonly dispense aminoglycosides to patients with renal insufficiency?
false
enrofloxacin is a______
fluoroquinolone
amphotericin B may be used in the treatment of mycotic fungal infection?
true
occurs when an animal is infected with parasites, but no clinical signs can be observed?
parasitiasis
occurs when an animal is infected with parasites, and clinical signs can be observed
parasitosis
infest the outside of the body?
ectoparasites
infect the inside of the body?
endoparasites
an animal with endoparasites is said to be _____; and an animal with ectoparasites is said to be ________
infected; infested
is administered to rid the body of endoparasites?
anthelmintic
_______dips should never be used on cats?
organophosphate
IGR stands for?
Insect growth regulators
praziquantel is a drug that is used to rid the body of?
tapeworms
an example of _____is the bacterium Moraxella bovis, the etiologic agent of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis, or pinkeye, that is mechanically carried from the eyes of one cow to those of another on the sticky footpads of the face fly musca autumnalis?
phoresis
ivermectin, moxidectin, and doramectin are in the ____class?
avermectins
all of the following are monthly heartworm preventives (milbemycin oxime, selamectin, heartgard plus, diethylcarbamazine) except?
diethylcarbamazine
___ is the most commonly used formamindine in vet med.
amitraz
_____is a topical solution that controls ascarids, hookworms, and tapeworms in felines.
Profender (emodepside/praziquantel)
An arsenic compound administered by deep IM injection in the lumbar region is ____?
melarsomine dihydrochloride
albendazole is the active ingredient found in?
valbazen
an organophosphate is a substance that can interfere with the function of the nervous sytem by inhibitng the enzyme cholinesterase.
true
advantage has great efficacy against ______, and Frontline has greater efficacy against _____.
fleas; ticks
_____ are parasitic worms, including intestinal roundworms, filarial worms, lungworms, kidney worms, heartworms, and others
Nematodes
pain sensation arises in free nerve endings called?
nociceptors
NSAIDS that selectively inhibit _____ are thought to produce fewer gastrointestinal side effects.
COX-2
what is the most common side effect of the NSAID?
GI ulceration or bleeding
why are cats so susceptible to aspirin overdose?
cats metabolize aspirin very slowly
phenylbutazone should be administered parenterally by the SQ route only
false
what C-II opioid is administered via transdermal patch?
fentanyl
corticosteroid therapy involves treatment of the signs of disease and often curse the disease?
false
these substances regulate electrolyte and water balance in the body?
mineralocorticoids
what does the term iatrogenic mean?
caused by the doctor
short term affects of corticosteroid?
pu/pd, delayed healing
long term affects of corticosteroid?
thin skin, gastric ulcers, cushings disease
prevent generation and conduction of nerve impulses by peripheral nerves?
local anesthetics
used for infiltrating local area for suturing, nerve block, etc
local anesthetics
the body is able to produce its own opiate-like analgesic agents called?
endorphins
a substance that can initiate a fever is called?
pyrogen
____is also known as acetylsalicyclic acid?
aspirin
______ is a pyrazolone derivative?
phenylbutazone
Flunixin meglumine is an?
NSAID
DMSO causes ______ when applied topically?
vasodilation
_____ is considered to be one of the most effective of the opioids?
morphine
_____ is/are a major chemical mediator of the allergic response
histamine
all of the following are types of corticosteroids (dexamethasone, predef, vetalog, ketoprofen) except?
ketoprofen
a local anesthetic such as lidocaine may be a drug of choice when an epidural is performed to replace a prolapsed uterus in bovine.
true
anemia is pigs can be treated with?
iron
all the following are androgens (winstrol-v, equipoise, deca-durabolin, regu-mate) except?
regu mate
a heparin flush solution may be prepared by diluting heparin in saline at a concentration of?
5 U/ml
vitamin ____is an antidote for warfarin or dicumarol toicity?
k
____is the anticoagulant of choice when a WBC differential is performed.
EDTA
Fluorouracil is contraindicated in ____ because of adverse side effects.
felines