319 terms

Medical Terms and Vocabulary

Definitions, applications, abbreviations, and body Planes, Divisions, and Directions
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ab-
away
ad-
toward
endo-
within
epi-
above
hyper-
above
hypo-
below
inter-
between
retro-
behind, backward
supra-
above
bi-
twos
brady-
slow
hemi-
half
poly-
many
post-
after
pre-
before
quadre-
four
tachy-
fast
tri-
three
a-
not, negation
anti-
against
auto-
self
dys-
difficult, painful, bad
erythro-
red
hemo-
blood
histo-
tissue
homeo-
same, alike
hydro-
water
litho-
stone
mal-
bad
melano-
black
neo-
new
psuedo-
false
adeno-
gland
arthro-
joint
blepharo-
eyelid
cardio-
heart
cervico-
neck
cranio-
skull
cysto-
bladder
cyto-
cell
dermato-
skin
hepato-
liver
hystero-
uterus
myelo-
marrow, spinal cord
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-blast
not developed
-genic
forming
-cele
swollen sac, protrusion
-cyte
cell
-oma
tumor, growth
-lith
stone
-centesis
removal of fluid by puncturing
-cide
causing death, killing
-ectomy
cutting out
-tomy
cutting
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suturing
-emesis
vomiting
-emia
blood condition
-gram
written record
-itis
inflammation of
-osis
diseased
-pathy
diseased
-plegia
paralysis
-lysis
destruction of, breaking apart
-desis
fixing together
-malacia
softening of
-sclerosis
hardening of
-megaly
enlarged
-mimetic
imitation
-opia
vision
-scopy
viewing
-penia
deficiency
-phagia
swallowing
-pnea
breathing
-rhea (-rrhea)
discharge
-rhagia (-rrhagia)
bursting forth
angio-
vessel
cephalo-
head
costo-
rib
glosso-
tongue
kerato-
cornea, horny layer
laparo-
abdomen
myo-
muscle
neuro-
nerve
oculo-
eyes
osteo-
bone
oto-
ear
phlebo-
vein
pyelo-
pelvis
rhino-
nose
stomato-
mouth
veno-
vein
cholecysto-
gallbladder
encephalo-
brain
entero-
intestines
gastro-
stomach
nephro-
kidney
pneumo-
air in the lungs
procto-
rectum
pulmo-
lungs
audio-
hearing
chromo-
color
cyano-
blue
diplo-
double
iatro-
related to medicine or physician
leuko-
white
lipo-
fat
macro-
large
micro-
small
morpho-
shape
nocto-
night
oligo-
scant
onco-
tumor
ortho-
straight
patho-
disease
thrombo-
clot
(ab)rade
scrape away
(ad)renal
toward the kidney
(endo)carditis
inflammation within the inner lining of the heart
(epi)gastric
above the stomach
(hyper)thermia
above-normal temperature
(hypo)dermic
needle injected below the skin
(inter)costal
between the ribs
(retro)grade
moving or flowing backward
(supra)orbital
above the eye's orbit
(bi)cuspid
having two cusps or flaps, as in the bicuspid valve of the heart
(brady)cardia
slow rhythm of the heart
(hemi)plegia
paralysis of one-half of the body
(poly)dactylism
extra fingers and toes
(post)operative
after an operation
(pre)natal
before the birth of a baby
(quadri)peligic
four limbs paralyzed
(tachy)cardia
fast rhythm of the heart
(tri)ceps
muscle with three heads but one insertion
(bari)atrics
branch of medicine dealing with obesity
(a)febrile
no fever
(anti)bacterial
against bacteria
(auto)graft
a graft of one's self
(dys)pnea
difficulty in breathing
(erythro)cyte
red blood cell
(hemo)ptysis
spitting up of blood
(histo)logy
study of tissues
(homeo)stasis
staying the same
(hydro)cephalus
increased fluid in the brain
(litho)tripsy
crushing of stones
(mal)practice
bad practice
(melano)pathy
dark pigmentation of the skin
(neo)natal
newborn
(psuedo)tumor
symptoms like a tumor, but not a tumor
(necro)sis
death of tissue
(steno)sis
narrowing of a passage
(aden)itis
inflammation of a glad
(arthro)desis
surgical fixation or fusion of a joint
(blepharo)spasm
twitching of the eyelid
(cario)gram
written record of the heart's activity
(cervico)dynia
neck pain
(cranio)tomy
incision into the skull
(cyst)itis
inflammation of the bladder
(cyto)logist
one who studies cells
(dermato)logy
study of the skin
(hepato)megaly
enlarged liver
(hyster)ectomy
cutting out of the uterus
(myelo)ma
tumor beginning in the blood-forming part of the marrow
(cheil)itis
inflamed lip
neur(algia)
pain along the course of a nerve
gastro(dynia)
stomach pain
neuro(blast)
embryonic cell
cardio(genic)
originating in the heart
cysto(cele)
protrusion of the bladder into the vaginal wall
erythro(cyte)
red blood cell
sarc(oma)
tumor arising from connective tissue
arthro(centesis)
removal of fluid from a joint by needle puncture
bacterio(cide)
bacteria-destroying agent
append(ectomy)
cutting out of appendix
cysto(tomy)
incision of bladder
laparo(rrhaphy)
suturing of a wound inside the abdominal wall
hernio(plasty)
surgical repair of a hernia
nephro(pexy)
surgical fixation of a kidney
py(emesis)
vomiting of pus
an(emia)
blood condition with reduced red blood cells, packed cells, and hemoglobin
electroencephalo(gram)
written record of the brain's waves
arthr(itis)
inflammation of the joints
kerat(osis)
diseased cornea
myo(pathy)
disease of muscle
hemi(plegia)
paralysis on one side
hemo(lysis)
destruction of blood cells
arthro(desis)
surgical immobilization of a joint
neuro(tripsy)
surgical crushing of a nerve
osteo(malacia)
softening of the bones
oto(sclerosis)
hardening of the bone conductors of sound in the ear
cardio(megaly)
enlarged heart
sympatho(mimetic)
imitating the sympathetic nervous system
dipl(opia)
double vision
laparo(scopy)
viewing inside the abdominal cavity
thrombocyto(penia)
deficiency of platelets
dys(phagia)
difficulty in swallowing
dys(pnea)
difficulty in breathing
dia(rrhea)
discharge or excessive flow from the bowels
hemo(rrhagia)
bursting forth of blood
(angio)plasty
plastic surgery of a blood vessel
(cephal)gia
headache
inter(cost)al
between the ribs
(glosso)pathy
disease of the tongue
(kerato)tomy
incision of the cornea
(laparo)rrhaphy
suturing of wounds within the abdominal wall
(myo)ma
tumor of muscle tissue
(neuro)pathy
diseased nerve
(oculo)motor
relating to eye movements
(osteo)tome
cutting instrument for the bone
(oto)scope
instrument for viewing the ears
(phleb)itis
inflammation of a vein
(pyelo)pathy
any disease of the pelvis
(rhin)itis
inflammation of the nose
(stomat)itis
inflammation of the mouth
intra(veno)us
within the vein
(cholecyst)ectomy
cutting out the gallbladder
(encephal)itis
inflammation of the brain
(entero)centesis
puncture of the intestines to remove fluid
(gastro)cele
hernia or protrusion of the stomach
(nephro)lith
kidney stone
(pneumo)thorax
air in the pleural cavity
(procto)logy
the study of the rectum
cardio(pulmo)nary
pertaining to the heart and lungs
(audio)meter
machine that tests hearing
(chromo)turia
abnormal coloring of urine
(cyano)sis
blue discoloration
(diplo)pia
double vision
(iatro)geny
condition induced by a physician
(leuko)cyte
white blood cell
(lipo)blast
immature fat cell
(macro)tia
abnormally large ears
(micro)cephalus
abnormally small head
(morpho)metry
measurement of forms
(noct)iphobia
abnormal decrease in the desire for fluids
(oligo)dipsia
abnormal decrease in the desire for fluids
(onco)genesis
tumor formation
(ortho)pedics
pertaining to the correction of deformities
(patho)gen
substance that is capable of producing disease
(thrombo)lysis
destruction of a clot
a.c.
before meals
ad lib
as needed
A.D.
right ear
A.S.
left ear
A.U.
both ears, each ear
b.i.d.
twice a day
gtt.
drops
h.
hour
h.s.
bedtime, hour of sleep
IM
intramuscular
N.P.O.
nothing by mouth
O.D.
right eye
O.S.
left eye
O.U.
both eyes, each eye
p.c.
after meals
P.O.
by mouth
q.d.
every day
q.h.
every hour
q.i.d.
four times a day
q.o.d.
every other day
SC
subcutaneous
stat.
immediately
t.i.d.
three times a day
ASCVD
arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
CA
cancer
CHF
congestive heart failure
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
DM
diabetes mellitus
IDDM
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
NIDDM
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
MI
myocardial infarction
MS
multiple sclerosis
R.A.
rheumatoid arthritis
TB
tuberculosis
TIA
transient ischemic attack
URI
upper respiratory infection
UTI
urinary tract infection
A and W
alive and well
BM
bowel movement
BP
blood pressure
Bx
biopsy
D and C
dilation and curettage
DOA
dead on arrival
DOB
date of birth
Dx
diagnosis
ENT
ear, nose, throat
FU
follow-up
Fx
fracture
K
potassium
N/V
nausea and vomiting
ROS
review of systems
SOB
shortness of breath
UA
urinalysis
VA
visual acuity
Frontal (Coronal)
divides the body into front and back
anterior (ventral)
front
posterior (dorsal)
back
Transverse
divides body upper and lower
superior
upper
inferior
lower
Midsagittal
divides the body into right and left sides
RUQ
right upper quadrant of the abdomen
LUQ
Left upper quadrant of the abdomen
RLQ
Right lower quadrant of the abdomen
LLQ
left lower quadrant of the abdomen
right and left hypochondriac regions
top two side squares
Right and left inguinal (iliac) regions
bottom two side squares
Epigastric region
top middle square
right and left lateral regions
middle two side squares
umbilical region
center square
hypogastric region
lower middle square
distal
at the end of a structure
proximal
at the beginning of a structure
Lateral
side
Medial
middle
Inferior (caudal)
lower, below
Superior (cephalic)
at the head, above