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AP World: Chapter 8: China and the World, East Asian Connections, 500 - 1300 CE
Terms in this set (18)
Major nomadic confederacy that was established ca. 200 BCE and eventually reached from Manchuria to Central Asia
Chinese method of dealing with foreign lands and peoples that assumed the subordination of all non-Chinese authorities and required the payment of _______ - produce of value from their countries - to the Chinese emperor (although the Chinese gifts given in return were often much more valuable)
Ruling dynasty of China from 618 to 907; noted for its openness to foreign cultural influences
Ruling dynasty of China (581 - 618) that effectively reunited the country after several centuries of political fragmentation
The Chinese dynasty that rose to power (960 - 1279) after the Tang dynasty. Together, the dynasties established patterns of Chinese life that endured into the twentieth century. During the ____ dynasty an explosion of scholarship gave rise to Neo-Confucianism, state structures were established that lasted for thousands of years, and a revolution in agricultural and industrial production made China the richest and most populated country on the planet.
Silla dynasty (Korea)
The first ruling dynasty to bring a measure of political unity to the Korean peninsula (688 - 900).
Japanese statesman (572 - 622) who launched the drive to make Japan into a centralized bureaucratic state modeled on China; he is best known for the Seventeen Article Constitution, which lays out the principles of this reform.
A nomadic people who established a state that included parts of northern China (907 - 1125).
A nomadic people who established a state that included parts of northern China (1115 - 1234).
Japan's most illustrious female poet (born ca. 975) who grew up at the Japanese court and participated in its love affairs and scandals.
China's capital during the Song dynasty, with a population of more than a million people.
A phonetic alphabet developed in Korea in the fifteenth century.
Chinese practice of tightly wrapping girls' feet to keep them small, begun in the Tang dynasty; an emphasis on small size and delicacy was central to views of female beauty.
Sui emperor (r. 581 - 604) who particularly patronized Buddhism.
A major ________ quickening that took place in China under the Song dynasty (960 - 1279); marked by rapid population growth, urbanization, ________ specialization, the development of an immense network of internal waterways, and a great increase in industrial production and innovation.
A variation of Chinese writing developed in Vietnam that became the basis for an independent national literature; "southern script"
________ was China's only large-scale cultural borrowing before the twentieth century; ________ entered China from India in the first and second centuries CE but only became popular in 300 - 800 CE through a series of cultural accommodations. At first supported by the state, ________ suffered persecution during the ninth century but continued to play a role in Chinese society.
The "way of the warrior", referring to the military virtues of the Japanese samurai, including bravery, loyalty, and an emphasis on death over surrender.