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Arts and Humanities
Cushman Ch. 8 Test
Terms in this set (31)
Early kingdom of the israelites. Located in modern day Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan.
The Israelites' faith. This influenced both Islam and Christianity.
The Idea of Covenant
The Israelites believed God entered into a contracted relationship and in return, received land.
Founder of Judaism
Abraham's grandson. Also called Israel, which means "one who struggles with God". He had 12 sons who became the leaders of the 12 tribes of Israel.
Leader of the Israelites. He led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt and brought them back to Canaan.
Plagues of Egypt
The bible says that God sent the 10 plagues to convince the pharaoh to let the Israelites leave. The final plague killed the first born of all children in Egypt.
Jewish holiday. The bible says that God spared the first born children of the Israelites who marked their door with lamb's blood.
Location of where Moses received the Torah and ten commandments.
The most important laws from the Torah.
He took the Israelites into Canaan. He led the Israelites to victory at the city of Jericho. (city that the Israelites destroyed upon entering Canaan.)
Skilled sailors and traders who created the first alphabet. Through trade they spread the alphabet to the Israelites, Greeks, and Romans.
Lived in Canaan in 1,000 BC. Strongest group of people living in Canaan.
First king of the Israelites. He was anointed king by Samuel and defeated many of the Israelites enemies.
Second king of the Israelites.
David's son and 3rd king of Israel. He built a temple that became the center of the Jewish religion.
Southern Kingdom in Canaan; Capital was Jerusalem.
Chaldean (Babylonian) King. Captured Jerusalem and sent 10,000 Jews into exile in Babylon - called Babylonian captivity.
Jewish prophet. The king of Judah ignored the warning not to revolt against the Chaldeans.
Cyrus the Great
Persian king; allowed the Jews to return to their homeland and helped them to rebuild their temple in Jerusalem.
5 books of the Torah and 34 other books.
Story of Daniel's survival in the lion's den in the bible.
Means 'scattered'. The Jews who lived outside of Judah and all over the Greek.
Jewish holiday. 8 days in December.
Jewish dietary laws.
Most famous for being the king when Jesus was born. He was known for his cruelty.
Remnant of the Jewish temple destroyed by the Romans (In Jerusalem)
Site where Bibical patriarch, Abraham, was commanded by God to sacrifice his son Isaac. (in Jerusalem)
Mount of Olives
Jewish tradition teaches that Jews who are buried on the Mount of Olives will be the first to be resurrected when the Messiah comes.
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