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new immigrant

form 1880 to 1910

old immigrant

1800 to 1880

Ellis Island

an island in New York harbor that was an entry point for immigrants coming to the United States between 1892 and 1954

Angel Island

an island in the San Francisco bay that was an entry point for many Asian immigrants to the United States beginning in 1910

benevolent society

an aid organization set up by residents of a community to help its immigrants

Chinese Exclusion Act

law that banned Chinese immigration for 10 years declaring that no Chinese people already in the United States could become citizens

gentlemen's agreement

the matter went to president Theodore Roosevelt

literacy test

a test that determines a person's ability to read

settlement house

neighborhood center staffed by professionals and volunteers for education, recreation, and social activities in poor areas

Addams, Jane

(1860-1935) American social worker and activist; she was the co-founder of Hull House, an organization that focused on the needs of immigrants. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.

Tweed, William Marcy

(1823-1878) American politician, he gained control of New York City's Tammany Hall became known as Boss Tweed. He was convicted of stealing from the New York City treasury.

Nast, Thomas

1840-1902) American political cartoonist; he helped turn public attention to the corruption of Tammany Hall and Boss Tweed.

National Grange

a social and educational organization for farmers

Populist Party

a political party formed in 1892 that supported free coinage of silver, work reforms, immigration restrictions, and government ownership of railroads and telegraph and telephone systems


states. some people wanted to teach the newcomers american ways to help them assimilate into american society. school and voluntary organizations taught immigrants English literacy skill and subjects needed for citizenship. such as american history and government.

Social Gospel

a movement in American Protestant Christianity especially in the first part of the 20th century to bring the social order into conformity with Christian principle

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