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16 terms

Life at the trun of te centruy

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new immigrant
form 1880 to 1910
old immigrant
1800 to 1880
Ellis Island
an island in New York harbor that was an entry point for immigrants coming to the United States between 1892 and 1954
Angel Island
an island in the San Francisco bay that was an entry point for many Asian immigrants to the United States beginning in 1910
benevolent society
an aid organization set up by residents of a community to help its immigrants
Chinese Exclusion Act
law that banned Chinese immigration for 10 years declaring that no Chinese people already in the United States could become citizens
gentlemen's agreement
the matter went to president Theodore Roosevelt
literacy test
a test that determines a person's ability to read
settlement house
neighborhood center staffed by professionals and volunteers for education, recreation, and social activities in poor areas
Addams, Jane
(1860-1935) American social worker and activist; she was the co-founder of Hull House, an organization that focused on the needs of immigrants. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
Tweed, William Marcy
(1823-1878) American politician, he gained control of New York City's Tammany Hall became known as Boss Tweed. He was convicted of stealing from the New York City treasury.
Nast, Thomas
1840-1902) American political cartoonist; he helped turn public attention to the corruption of Tammany Hall and Boss Tweed.
National Grange
a social and educational organization for farmers
Populist Party
a political party formed in 1892 that supported free coinage of silver, work reforms, immigration restrictions, and government ownership of railroads and telegraph and telephone systems
Americanization
states. some people wanted to teach the newcomers american ways to help them assimilate into american society. school and voluntary organizations taught immigrants English literacy skill and subjects needed for citizenship. such as american history and government.
Social Gospel
a movement in American Protestant Christianity especially in the first part of the 20th century to bring the social order into conformity with Christian principle