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Vocabulary terms from Chapter 21 of Prentice Hall Biology. This chapter covers the kingdom of fungi, their characteristics, classification, and ecology.


complex carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi; also found in the external skeletons of arthropods


tiny filament that makes up a multicellular fungus or a water mold


many hyphae tangled together into a thick mass; comprises the bodies of multicellular fungi

fruiting body

slender reproductive structure that produces spores and is found in some funguslike protists; reproductive structure of fungus that develops from a mycelium


structure in ferns and some fungi that contains spores


specialized hyphae where sporangia are found


resting spore that contains zygotes formed during the sexual phase of a mold's life cycle


in fungi, a rootlike hypha that penetrates the surface of an object; in mosses, a long thin cell that anchors the moss to the ground and absorbs water and minerals from the surrounding soil


in fungi, a stemlike hypha that runs along the surface of an object; in plants, a long, trailing stem that produces roots when it touches the ground


gamete-producing structure found in black bread mold


tiny fungal spore that forms at the tips of specialized hyphae in ascomycetes


stucuture within the fruiting body of an ascomycete in which two nuclei of different mating types fuse


haploid spore produced within the ascus of ascomycetes


asexual process by which yeasts increase in number; process of attaching a bud to a plant to produce a new branch


spore-bearing structure of a basidiomycete


spore in basidiomycetes that germinates to produce haploid primary mycelia


member of the fungal phylum Ascomycota, commonly called sac fungus; name comes from the saclike structure in which the spores develop


member of the fungal phylum Basidiomycota, commonly called club fungus; name comes from the club-like shape of the basidium


organism that obtains food from decaying organic matter


symbiotic association between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism


symbiotic association of plant roots and fungi

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