57 terms

SAP SD QUESTIONS

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What do you mean by drop shipment?
A drop shipment is based on an order from a customer to a Distributor. The distributor initiates the shipment by informing the wholesaler.
What is the use of sales area?
Sales area is the geographical aspect of that particular Company code, from there we can generate the reports.
How does the rule MALA decide the picking location?
1. SHIPPING POINT
2. PLANT
3. STORAGE CONDITION
4. STORAGE LOCATION
Difference between customization and configuration?
Customization is used, for example, in Master Data maintenance. Configuration is used, for example, in Pricing Procedure Determination.
Is it possible to do delivery without shipping point?
No. Shipping point is the DESTINATION of the goods, how we can ship the goods. It is like mailing letter without TO address.
Explain about smart forms?
Smart form - it is a form. Basically it is using in output.
How sales document is structured?
Header responsible for all the documents
Item for materials
Schedule line for quantity and delivery
In sales order how does the system pick up plant?
A material master is assigned to a particular
plant. System picks up from there.
Without delivery can you do billing?
Without delivery invoice is not possible.
Could you explain about sales deals?
Company has launched a new product, for that material you want to have a promotion. You will create a sales deal, assign it to a sales promotion and maintain condition groups.
What is the use of pricing date in condition type?
It shows date of calculation of pricing procedure for that particular document. So that in future you can see the date pricing calculated for that particular doc.
What does Account group control in Customer Master?
Account Group is like a control parameter for the customer master. Most fields in customer master are controlled using "Field Selection", which is an internal function of Account Group.
Can you explain about Higher-level item category and item usage?
Sales Document Type (OR)
+
Item Category Group (NORM)
+
Item Usage (FREE)
+
Higher Level Item Category (TAN)
+
Item Category of Free Goods (TANN)
Why do you need project IMG?
IMG is required for the purpose of customizing and configuration. There is no role of functional consultant w/o it.
How we assigned sales organization to delivering plant?
T.Code: OVX6....OR.......

Path: SPRO-IMG-Enterprise Structure-Assignment-SD-Assign Plant to Sales Organization/Dist.Channel
How to extend material and customer to other sales areas?
Sales area is a combination of SOrg, DChL & Division. Division is a logical grouping of products. So while you cannot extend a material to other sales areas, you can extend a customer to other sales areas through common Distribution Channel & Division.
How can we process out bound deliveries without shipping point?
Shipping point is a mandatory organizational unit for outbound delivery process.
While I am creating a customer in Ship-to-Party account group you have shipping and billing partner function tab pages, client wants to shift all important fields in billing like payment terms, incoterms , and tax classification into shipping tab page. He only wants shipping the partner function only, how do you customize?
Field Selection will help you maintain the fields relevant To Shipping, Ship to party function will be able to see only shipping related fields.
Why do I use condition indexes? How do you activate them?
Condition Index is used to search all the conditions Records for a particular condition type (eg PR00).
We activate condition index in the customizing screen of the Condition type.
Menu Path: SPRO>>Sales & Distribution>>Basic
Functions>>Pricing>>Pricing Control>>Define Condition
Types>> Maintain Condition Types>> Enter PR00
Is it possible to release change request, without releasing task?
Only AFTER releasing the task can we release the Change/customizing request.
Product attributes means?
Product attributes are nothing but the features of product.
Can one have multiple packing for delivery?
YES WE CAN HAVE MULTIPLE PACKING FOR A SINGLE DELIVERY
Explain EDI and its usage?
EDI - It helps data transfer from a SAP/NON-SAP system to an SAP system
To extend material one plants to another plant what are the configuration you done in your project?
We have to create material in a new plant as we followed for first plant. But instead of system giving an internal number for the first plant, WE need to mention material # for the second plant
What is the client specific data? Give two examples of client specific data?
a) Master data
b) Transction data.
How to stop PGI?
We stop the PGI in credit management through credit limit or through customization
How SAP support the client so as to know the customer requirements?
Support to client is given with:
a) Implementation method
b) Correction method
Can we assign multi distribution channel to a single customer in sap SD sales process. If yes then how?
YES. While creating a customer, and assigning the customer to its respective sales area, we copy from previous sales area in XD01 through reference
What is the difference among sales deal promotion price, price agreement?
Sales deal promotion -- Specific product for a period of time price will be LESS THAN MRP.

Price agreement -- An agreement between Customer and Vendor for a specific product or with a specific price mentioned in their agreement.
What is the difference between inbound and outbound delivery?
Out bound delivery--- is Post goods Issue (PGI)
In bound delivery--- is Post Goods Received (PGR)
PGI will come under Sales Area
PGR will come under MM Module
PGI decreases physical stock and PGR increases
From Which Tcode can I view customer wise back order (Open Order?)
V_RA
What is retroactive billing? Who creates this?
Retro active billing means rebate process. Whenever the customer reaches the target quantity or volume in specified "time period, we issue the credit memo for the customer.
Where do you assign Movement Type?
We assign movement type in schedule line category.
In one sales order there are two materials can maintain two different pricing procedures for these materials?
No, you cannot maintain 2 separate pricing procedures for same Material in single order. But you CAN change the price "manually" by selecting the material and then the conditions tab....You can also see the changed status as manually later.
List the Basic Steps for SD configuration.
1. Enterprise structure
2. Partner determination
3. Master data
4. Business process customization
5. Pricing
6. Output determination
HOW YOU CAN EXTENT THE REBATE? WHAT ARE THE PROCEDURES, WHAT IS THE CUSTOMISATION FOR IT?
The transaction coed for extend rebate is "VB (D" in that You should fill the field like recipient and rebate Agreement.

Customization is same as creating condition tables but there are existing standard tables. and define access sequence And assign condition types. There are already standards like b001, b002, b003, b004. Then Assign Pricing Procedure to condition type, next create account keys and "Assign to rebate process type"
What is accounting group?
Accounting group is simply the classification of customers (SP, SH, BP, or PY), and it also controls the Fields in Customer Master Record.
What are the differences between invoice and billing document?
Billing Doc is the broad view
Invoice (F2) is one type of billing doc.
What is pricing? How will it affects the billing procedure?
Pricing has the basic price of the item. It also has the Discounts, Taxes, Rebates, & also the Cost of the item.
What is acct key?
How does it work?
How many pricing procedures are done in implementation?
Account key determines the correct G/L account to be posted the data corresponding G/L accounts. You need to assign a G/L account to account key that is assigned to a condition type in a pricing procedure.
What is the doc flow?
Inquiry
Quotation
Sales Order
Delivery
Transfer Order
Post Goods Issue
Billing
Accounting
What is the transfer order?
Transfer order is basically picking order, where u pick the material from storage and loading area or picking area.
What is the purpose of:

a) Text determination?
b) Account determination?
c) Partner determination?
d) Output determination?
e) Storage location determination?
a. Text determination: For transferring information from material or customer to order/delivery or invoice (and anything in-between)
b. Account determination: For transferring financial and costing information to proper financial docs
c. Partner determination: for deterring who is legally responsible for A/R, who the goods are going to and whatever else you drive through this functionality. d. Output Determination: What type of Output Fax/Mail, etc) is required, where and in what Format (ABAP Customization may be required in some cases especially Invoices).
e. Storage Location Determination: depends on Plant, Shipping Point and Storage Conditions
What are the five important fields to be maintained in account determination?
Sales Org, Acct Keys, Condition Type, Customer Acct group, Material Acct group
What is meant by transfer of data from legacy code to SAP?
Before installation of SAP, Data maintained by Company is called Legacy Data. At the time of installation, it is required to transfer Data from Legacy to SAP like Masters (Material/Customer, etc).
What do you do really in pricing determination, and what are the main differences between one pricing procedure determination to the others, which data control these differences?
Pricing procedure determination --
Pricing is determined by:
Sales Organization, Distribution Channel, Division, Customer Pricing Procedure and Document Pricing Procedure.
Pricing Procedure -- Pricing procedure is the simple procedure of pricing.
What is copy control and where do we see an example of this?
Copy Control - Data copied from preceding document to a subsequent one. In general case of Standard Order, it will be Copy Control (Order to Delivery) from OR to LF.
How and where do we maintain copy controls?
Sales Document types and Delivery Document Types
What is purpose of maintaining common distribution channels and division?
Common Distribution Channel and Common Division are maintained so that any master data, (customer or material) maintained with respect to one DChl, can be used in another DChl. It prevents master record data duplication.
What is sales order Item Category determination?
What does delivery Item Category determine?
...
Differentiate btwn scheduling agreement & contract?
a) Scheduling Agreement - is the agreement between consumer and company having FIXED delivery dates and fixed quantity.
b) Contract - is the agreement between company and consumer for certain period of time (deliveries are through Individual Release Orders by consumer within that contract period).
What is PMIN?
PMIN is a condition type to define minimum prices. It can control minimum prices below which a material should not be sold to the customer.
Explain About Dunning Procedure?
Dunning procedure is used in credit management. If Customer does not pay back owed amount, then by using this dunning procedure, company sends reminders to customer. After that, company has to take legal action.
What is client requirement in Schedule Line Category?
Schedule line category is nothing but required delivery date and delivery quantity.
In how many places we can block the Sales Document?
Sales document can be blocked at three places depending on the customer risk category:
1. Sales order level (high risk customer)
2. Delivery level (medium risk customer)
3. Goods issue level (low risk customer)
What is the difference between reconciliation account and normal posting account?
Manual entries can be posted in the normal G/L account, but not in the reconciliation account, as these are automatically updated.
What happens if we check 'exclusive' indication in access sequence, and what happens if we do not check?
Basically access sequence finds the exact condition record in condition table by search statuary with the help of exclusive indication.
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