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Urinary Exam

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Erythropoietin
hormone produced by the kidneys which stimulates production of red blood cells
glomerulus
ball-shaped collection of capillaries located in the in nephron
oliguria
scanty urine output
renin
enzyme produced by the kidneys aids in raising blood presure
peritubular capillaries
minute blood vessels that surround the nephron
urinary retention
inability to empty the bladder
urinary incontinence
inability to control urination
Wilm's tumor
a milignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood
renal column
tissue between the renal pyramids
renal cell carcinoma
a milignant tumor of the kidney occuring in adulthood
renal pyramids
triangular tissues within the medulla
renal pelvis
central collecting area for urine in the kidneys
Bowman's capsule
cup-shaped end of the renal tubule containing a glomerulus
glomerular filtration
substances that filter out of the blood
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of glomerulus of kidneys
nephrolithiasis
a condition of kidney stones
edema
a local or generalised condition in which the body tissues contain a excessive amounts of tissue fluid
renal tubules
1. proximal convoluted tubule 2. loop on Henle 3. distal convoluted tubule 4. collecting tubule
cortex
the outer layer of the kidneys
glycosuria
abnormal presence of sugar
proteinuria
protein in the urine
bilirubin
bile formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin, orange-yellow pigment
retrograde pyelogram
a radiographic procedure in which small-caliber catheters are passed through a cystoscope into the ureters to visualize the ureters and renal pelvis
hydronephrosis
distension of pelvis and calyces of the kidney caused by urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in a ureter
polycystic kidney disease
hereditary disorder of kidneys in which grapelike fluid-filled sacs or cysts, replace normal kidney tissue
polydipsia
excessive thirst
polyuria
excessive amounts of urine
malaise
a vague feeling of bodily weakness or discomfort
lethargy
the state or quality of being indifferent, apathetic, or sluggish
frequency
the number of repetition of any phenomenon within a fixed period of time such as the number of heartbeats per minute
specific gravity
the weight of a substance compared with equal volume of distilled water
anuria
the cessation of urine production
asymptomatic
without symptoms
hilum
the depression or pit of an organ where the vessels and nerves enter
palpable
detectable by touch
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
meatus
an opening or tunnel
dialysate
solution that contains water and electrolytes that passes through the artificial kidney to remove excess fluids and waste from the blood
dialysis
the process of removing waste products from the blood when the kidneys are unable to do so
azotemia
the presence of excessive amounts of waste products of metabolism in the blood caused by failure of the kidneys to remove urea from blood; is a characteristic of uremia
uremia
the presence of excessive amounts of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood; aslo called azotemia
toxic
poisonous
turbid
cloudy
solute
a substance dissolved in a solution, as in the waste products filted out of the kidney into the urine
residual
urine that remains in the bladder after urination
reabsorption
the process of absorpting again
secretion
the release of substance from blood into renal tubules during urine filtration
renal failure
progressively slow development of kidney failure occurring over a period of years
catheterization
the introduction of a catheter into a body cavity or oragan to instill a substance or remove a fluid
cystoscopy
the process of viewing the interior of the bladder
cystometrography
an examination performed to evaluate bladder tone durring filling and voiding
creatinine clearance test
a diagnostic test for kidney function that measure the filtration rate of creatinine, a waste product
lithotripsy
crushing of stone in the bladder
urethritis
inflammation of the urethra
retroperitoneal
behind the peritoneal membrane
hemodialysis
mechanical filter 3x per wk 3-4hrs ave time a/v fistula external filtering more commonly used
peritoneal dialysis
peritoneal / ab membrane can be done by patient abdominal shunt internal filtering or cleansing
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
ESRD
end-stage renal disease
UTI
urinary tract infection
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
protein
yeilds amino acids and help in the growth and repair of tissue
nephrons
microscopic functional units that form urine by the process of filtraion, reabsorption and secretion
albuminuria
protein in the urine
Micturition
The act of eliminating urine from the bladder, voiding urination
cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder
Calyx
A cuplike urine collection cavity, found in the kidney
Nocturia
Excessive urination during the night
Pyuria
Pus in the urine
Hematuria
blood in the urine
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
bacteriuria
presence of bacteria in the urine
Urgency
a feeling to void immediately
ketonuria
ketone bodies in urine
pyelonephritis
bacterial infection of the renal pelvis of the kidney
medulla
inner region of the kidney
renal calculi
stone formations in the kidney
Nephotic Syndrome
a group of clinical symptoms occurring when damage to glomerulus of the kidney resulting in sever proteinuria
Nephrosis
clinical symptoms occurring when damage to glumerulus of the kidney is present; same as Nephotic Syndrome