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Chapter 13 Section 1, 2, 4, 5
Terms in this set (19)
chief of state
the president. ceremonial head of the government of the US. Symbol of all the people of the nation. President both reigns and rules.
the president has executive power of the US. Power is broad in both foreign and domestic affairs.
the president is the director of the executive branch.
the president is the main architect of the american foreign policy and is the nation's chief spokesperson.
commander in chief
the people in the military are subject to the presidents direct and immediate control.
the president is the principal author of public policies. The president sets the overall shape of the congressional agenda.
chief of the party
the president is the leader of the political party that controls the executive branch.
1) be a natural born citizen of the united states. 2) Be at least 35 years old. 3) be a resident of the US for 14 years. Any 14 years of that persons life counts.
a full term is four years. before 1951, presidents could serve as many times as they wanted. the 22nd amendment made it so that a president could only serve two full terms. A president cannot serve more than ten years.
the scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled. The vice president becomes president if the original dies, resigns, or is removed.
at first, only the powers and duties of the office went to the VP. John Tyler made it so that the office itself went to the VP. Constitution only gives the powers 1)to preside over the senate and 2) to help decide the question of presidential disability to the VP. Cannot be fired. If there is a VP vacancy, the prez nominates one then congress confirms in a majority vote.
the national convention. National committee makes arrangements for party's convention, and then issues call for convention. Delegates are selected.
an election in which party's voters 1) choose some or all of a State party organization's delegates to their national convention or 2) express a preference among various contenders for their party's presidential nomination.
a closed meeting of members of a political party who gather to select delegates to the national convention.
the quadrennial meetings at which the delegates select their presidential and vice presidential candidates. Three major goals 1) naming party's prez and VP 2) bringing the party together in once place for a common purpose 3) adopting the party's platform
one third of the electorate who have not made up their minds at the start of the campaign and are open to persuasion.
the states in which the outcome is too close to call and either candidate could win.
each state has as many electors as it does members of congress. chosen by popular vote.
electoral college defects
1) the winner of the popular vote is not guaranteed presidency 2) electors are not required to vote in accord with the popular vote 3) any election might have to be decided in the House of Reps.
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