History Chapter 14/15

Prince Henry The Navigator
opened school of navigation
Bartholemew Diaz
Port; Cape of Good Hope
Vasco de Gama
Port; sailed to tip of Africa and India
Amerigo Vespucci
Ita; mapmaker, named for America
Ferdinand Magellan
Span. sailed around South America to Pacific Ocean
Ita; sent on a voyage to India; 4 voyages
Vasco de Balboa
Spa; discovered Pacific Ocean
Ponce de Leon
Spa; sought fountain of youth, discovers FL
Francisco Coronado
Spa; sought cities of gold, found Grand Canyon
Hernando de Soto
Spa; traveled from Fl to MS River
Francis Drake
Eng; rounded So. America, defeated Spanish settlements
John Cabot
Ita; sailed for England on ship and landed in New Found Land
Martin Frobisher
End; reached Hudson straits
Giovianni de Verrazano
Ita; sailed for France- sailed into NY harbor
Jacques Cartier
Fra; named gulf of st. lawrence
Hernando Cortes
Spa; tricked Aztec leader and defeated them
Francisco Pizzaro
Spa; captures Incas of Peru
Henry Hudson
sailed for dutch, netherlands, england; sailed to Hudsony bay and canada
Fr. Marquette S.J.
French explorer; traveled Great Lakes, crossed Wisconson; claimed land for France
Samuel de Champlain
Fra; father of new france
Robert de la Salle
Fra; reached mouth of MS River, named Louisiana
Walter Raleigh
Eng; set up Roanoke island "Lost Colony"
Why were explorations possible during the Renaissance?
Magnetic compasses, astrolabe, caravel ships, new technology
What were the reasons for participating in explorations?
adventure, money, spread of faith
The 7 steps for exploration
1. explore 2. trading posts 3. settlers arrive 4. mother country appoints governor 5. settlers enslaved 6. exploitation of settlers for money 7. african slaves brought to add work force
Goals of the Portuguese trading empires
spice trade, covert conquered people to Christianity
Spanish conquerors
Spanish settlers had the right to demand taxes from Native Americans
English reasons for coming to the New world
spread of religious faith
French reasons for coming to the New world
fishing, fur trade
Spanish reasons for coming to the New world
riches and gold
triangular trade
system of trade involving US, Africa, Caribbean islands
Dutch vast estates of land
Peter Minuit
first Dutch of New York; purchased Manhattan from Indians
Royal colonies
charter is given to trading company
Proprietary colonies
charter is given to individual or friend of king
a merchant who is willing to take a risk in hope of making a profit
joint stock company
a private trading company that sells shares to investors when enough shares are sold - voyage begins
economic theory - strength depends on increasing gold; export more goods than imported