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Prince Henry The Navigator

opened school of navigation

Bartholemew Diaz

Port; Cape of Good Hope

Vasco de Gama

Port; sailed to tip of Africa and India

Amerigo Vespucci

Ita; mapmaker, named for America

Ferdinand Magellan

Span. sailed around South America to Pacific Ocean


Ita; sent on a voyage to India; 4 voyages

Vasco de Balboa

Spa; discovered Pacific Ocean

Ponce de Leon

Spa; sought fountain of youth, discovers FL

Francisco Coronado

Spa; sought cities of gold, found Grand Canyon

Hernando de Soto

Spa; traveled from Fl to MS River

Francis Drake

Eng; rounded So. America, defeated Spanish settlements

John Cabot

Ita; sailed for England on ship and landed in New Found Land

Martin Frobisher

End; reached Hudson straits

Giovianni de Verrazano

Ita; sailed for France- sailed into NY harbor

Jacques Cartier

Fra; named gulf of st. lawrence

Hernando Cortes

Spa; tricked Aztec leader and defeated them

Francisco Pizzaro

Spa; captures Incas of Peru

Henry Hudson

sailed for dutch, netherlands, england; sailed to Hudsony bay and canada

Fr. Marquette S.J.

French explorer; traveled Great Lakes, crossed Wisconson; claimed land for France

Samuel de Champlain

Fra; father of new france

Robert de la Salle

Fra; reached mouth of MS River, named Louisiana

Walter Raleigh

Eng; set up Roanoke island "Lost Colony"

Why were explorations possible during the Renaissance?

Magnetic compasses, astrolabe, caravel ships, new technology

What were the reasons for participating in explorations?

adventure, money, spread of faith

The 7 steps for exploration

1. explore 2. trading posts 3. settlers arrive 4. mother country appoints governor 5. settlers enslaved 6. exploitation of settlers for money 7. african slaves brought to add work force

Goals of the Portuguese trading empires

spice trade, covert conquered people to Christianity


Spanish conquerors


Spanish settlers had the right to demand taxes from Native Americans

English reasons for coming to the New world

spread of religious faith

French reasons for coming to the New world

fishing, fur trade

Spanish reasons for coming to the New world

riches and gold

triangular trade

system of trade involving US, Africa, Caribbean islands


Dutch vast estates of land

Peter Minuit

first Dutch of New York; purchased Manhattan from Indians

Royal colonies

charter is given to trading company

Proprietary colonies

charter is given to individual or friend of king


a merchant who is willing to take a risk in hope of making a profit

joint stock company

a private trading company that sells shares to investors when enough shares are sold - voyage begins


economic theory - strength depends on increasing gold; export more goods than imported

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