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23 terms

Ancient Rome--Unit 5

STUDY
PLAY
Patrician
the nobility of Ancient Rome
Plebeian
the common people of Ancient Rome
Civil Law
The written set of laws for Ancient Rome
Checks and Balances
a system to prevent one branch of government from becoming too powerful
Latin
The language of Ancient Rome
peninsula
land surrounded by water on three sides
Romulus
killed his brother and named the city they built after himself...Rome
Remus
Was killed by his brother Romulus
Cincinnatus
Roman Dictator who gave up his power once his job was done
Roman Senate
a council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders. Served for life
Consuls
the two most powerful officials in Rome
Tribunes
official who was elected by the plebeians to protect their interests. Had the power to veto
Punic Wars
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage that were won by Rome
Arch
a curved structure used as a support over an open space, as in a doorway
New Testament
the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers
Hannibal
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War.
tripartite
a government with three parts
republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
forum
Rome's public meeting place
veto
to prevent a law from passing
dictator
A ruler who has complete power
Christianity
the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
Jesus of Nazareth
his life and sermons form the basis for Chritianity