NSL Unit 3
Terms in this set (31)
Requires a written constitution that outlines the powers of the National (central) State and Local governments
Separation of Powers
Government powers that are divided between the executive, and judicial branches
Checks and balances
The system where each branch of government exercises some control over the others to ensure that there is no abuse of power
To accuse or charge a public official of misconduct
Powers that the national government is required to carry out that are stated in the constitution
Powers not specifically given to the national government in the constitution, but are necessary to help the country run smoothly
Specific powers given to congress in the Constitution
Powers given to the states that are different from the national government's powers
Powers shared by both the national, state and local governments
Powers denied to any or all levels of the government
Executive branch power to release or excuse someone from a court sentence
Establishes that the U.S. Constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties are the supreme law of the land in case of conflict with the states. Established by McCulloch v. Maryland.
Necessary and Proper Clause
U.S. Constitution gives implied powers to congress to create laws that are not expressly written in the Constitution if they see a need. Established by McCulloch v. Maryland.
Power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional. Established by Marbury v. Madison.
Does the law go with the Constitution or against it
Proposed idea that can eventually become a law.
Process of how a bill becomes a law. Is used interchangeably with Bill.
When a bill has gone through a multi-step process with approval from all three branches of government it becomes a law.
Having citizens vote on a law instead of the legislature (Congress or MD general Assembly).
Enforces laws at all levels of government.
Leader of the U.S.
Legally binding orders issued by the head of the executive branch (President or governor) which do not have to be approved by congress
Second in command after the president; Head of the senate.
Leader of individual states.
Second in command of individual states.
Makes laws at all levels of government.
One part legislative body. EX: Great Britain and Japan.
Two part legislative body. EX: U.S.
Legislative body of the U.S. national government, made up of the House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate.
Maryland General Assembly
Legislative body of Maryland, up of Maryland senate and the House of Delegates
Interprets laws at all levels of government.