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32 terms

Business Management - Ch 8 Technology and Information Management

STUDY
PLAY
Knowledge Workers
workers whose responsibilities extend beyond the physical execution of work to include planning, decision making, and problem solving
Data
information gathered from observations
Information
data converted into a meaningful and useful context
Computer
a machine for performing calculations automatically, Electronic device that receives data, processes data, stores data, and produces a result.
Hardware
the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system
Software
instructions that tell the computer what to do
Personal Digital Assistant
a small handheld computer that can share data with other computers
Operating System Software
main software used to run the entire computer
Application Software
a computer program designed to perform a specific task
Moore's Law
Refers to the computer chip performance per dollar doubles every 18 months
Internet
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
World Wide Web
The service that allows computer users to easily access and share information on the Internet in the form of text, graphics, video and animation.
Hyperlink
A link in a document to a Web page or to another document.
Modem
Communications hardware device that facilitates the transmission of data.
Internet Service Provider
a service that provides Internet access
Browser
a program used to navigate the internet
Search Engine
A software program you can use to find Web sites, Web pages, and Internet files.
Chief Information Officer
Executive in charge of information technology strategy and development
Telecommunications
transmitting information and communicating electronically
Local Area Network
a local computer network for communication between computers
File Server
File/storage device used by all users on a network.
Wide Area Network
a computer network that spans a wider area than does a local area network
Intranet
a company's private network of computers
Extranet
A network configuration that allows selected outside organizations to access internal information systems.
Firewall
hardware and/or software that guards a private network by analyzing the information leaving and entering the network
Database
a collection of organized data that allows access, retrieval, and use of data
Information System
Computer system for gathering and processing data into information and distributing it to people who need it
Management Information System
integrates data from various departments to make it available to help managers with daily business operations
Decision Support System
a computer based system that helps decision makers confront problems through direct interaction with databases and analytical software programs
Executive Information System
combines and summarizes ongoing transactions within the company to provide top-level executives with information needed to make decisions about company goals and direction
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
a disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel (where the nerve passes through the wrist)
Ergonomics
the study of the effects of the work environment on the health of workers