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Chapter 5 and 6 Test Review
Terms in this set (49)
To refuse or buy one or more goods from a certain source.
To take back, or to cancel, a law.
A small army made up of ordinary citizens who are available to fight in an emergency.
A nation that joins another nation in an effort such as winning a war.
The unjust use of government power.
American colonists who were loyal to the British Government.
American colonists who believed that the colonies had the right to govern themselves.
Freedom from control by another government or county.
A person guilty of of the crime of treason, or disloyalty to the government.
Which group benefited most from the trade shown on the map?
New England Merchants
All people are born with the right to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness as stated in which document?
The Declaration of Independence.
Jefferson's job was to do THIS when writing the Declaration of Independence.
His job was to explain to the world why the colonists were choosing to separate from Britain.
Who said "Give me Liberty, or Give me Death!"
What did the quote "Give me Liberty, or Give me Death!" mean to the Patriots?
It meant that they would rather die than not have freedom.
What did the quote "Give me Liberty, or Give me Death!" mean to the Loyalists?
They did not want to rebel against the king so they were concerned by it.
What is the purpose of "Common Sense"?
It was meant to persuade the colonists to become independent from Great Britain.
Who was the Olive Branch Petition meant to persuade?
King George III to make peace with the colonies.
The Second Continental Congress chose this man to command the new Continental Army?
What does "all men are created equal" mean?
Everyone has an equal amount of rights.
What does "unalienable rights" mean?
No one can take our rights away.
What does "consent of the governed" mean?
A government can't use state powers unless it appointed by the people.
What does "right of the people to alter or abolish it" mean?
The people have the right to change something.
Who wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence?
Describe the differences between the Patriots and Loyalists.
Patriots were Americans who believed that the colonies had the right to govern themselves. Loyalists were Americans who were loyal to Great Britain.
What happened as a result of the French and Indian War to Great Britain?
It left Great Britain with huge debts and a lot of land to protect.
Before 1763, how did the British government treat the colonies?
The British government had mostly left the colonies alone to solve their own problems.
Who fought during the French and Indian War?
It was between France and Britain.
Who were allies during the French and Indian War?
Native Americans and France were allies.
Who gained territory in North America as a result of the French and Indian War?
Great Britain gained territory from France.
What were the consequences of the French and Indian War?
In 1763, Britain and France signed a peace treaty. France gave Canada to Great Britain.
What was the Proclamation of 1763?
King George III drew a line down the Appalachian Mountains. The settlers were told to stay east of the line and Indians were to stay wests of it.
Why did colonists consider King George a tyrant?
They thought that the Proclamation of 1763 suggested an unjust use of government power. The colonists believed that the lands east of the Appalachians were already mostly settled.
Why did the British Government pass the Stamp Act?
The government was trying to pay off the large debt from the French and Indian War.
What was the Stamp Act?
A law that required colonists to buy a stamp for every piece of paper they used.
Why did the colonists protest it as taxation without representation?
The colonists did not want to pay taxes when they had no representatives in Parliament. They argued that Parliament had no right to tax them.
What happened to the Stamp Act?
Parliament decided to cancel it.
Why did the British Parliament pass the Quartering ACt?
It saved Great Britain money because it forced the colonists to provide British troops with housing, candles, bedding, food, etc.
How did the colonists feel about the Quartering Act?
The colonists were angry.
Why did Great Britain pass the Townshend Act?
They were trying to get money by placing a duty or tax that colonies imported from Britain. These goods included items like glass, paint, paper, and tea.
Why did the colonists protest the Townshend Acts taxation without representation?
They did not want to pay taxes that went directly to Great Britain. They did not have representation in Parliament.
How did the colonists boycott the Townshend Acts?
They refused to buy the British Goods.
What happened to the Townshend Acts?
The British canceled or repealed the acts-except for the tax on tea.
What happened to cause the Boston Massacre?
The colonists in Boston resented the British soldiers. The troops were not allowed to fire on the citizens. A mob began throwing rocks and ice balls at British troops. Someone knocked a soldier to the ground and a riot started.
Why did Great Britain pass the Tea Act?
Lord North was trying to rescue the British East India Company. This company controlled all the trade between Britain and Asia. The Tea Act lowered the cost of tea that the company sold and Britain taxed the tea.
What was the effect of the Tea Act?
American protestors turned some ships back for England. The governor ordered the ships unload the tea and 50 men dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded the three ships and dumped out the tea overboard.
Why did Great Britain pass the Intolerable Acts?
Britain wanted to control the colonies.
How did King George react to the Continental Congress?
King George refused to answer the message from the Continental Congress.
Who fired the first shots at Lexington?
No one knows who fired the first shots.
What was the result of the battle at Concord?
Americans proved that they were not only willing to fight for their rights but die for them.