Articles of Confederation & Constitutional Convention
For Test on December 11, 2014
Terms in this set (22)
a compromise that took parts of the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan to create the legislative branch. It was decided that the legislative branch would have both a House of Representatives based on population and a Senate with two senators from each state.
dealt with how the slave population would be counted for the purposes of taxation and representation
The ________________ will handle issues that affect the whole country while the state legislature will handle local issues
his detailed notes provide the only record of what happened during the Constitutional Convention since it was closed to the public
refused to sign the Constitution and opposed its ratification because he believed that it did not adequately protect individuals from potential government abuse
convinced George Washington that the Articles of Confederation should be changed
opposed ratification of the Constitution because the states would surrender too much power to the federal government
Articles of Confederation
Stopped the spread of slavery in the Northwest Territory, provided an orderly pattern of territorial settlement, provided for the addition of new states, allowed the government to borrow money to provide resources for winning the American Revolution.
required settlers to draft a constitution before becoming a state
Writers of the Articles of Confederation
group that had to decide how to finance the war, who has the power to negotiate treaties, and what prevents the executive from becoming too powerful?
one of the writers of the Federalists papers who argued that the states would enjoy important powers under the new constitution
Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress could ask the _________ for money and soldiers, but they could refuse to send both.
Bill of Rights
many refused to sign the completed Constitution because it did not have this
Second Continental Congress
wrote a plan of government that created a lose confederation of states called the Articles of Confederation
Under the terms of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, new states admitted to the Union were considered ________ to existing states.
restructure the federal government
result of the government's inability of the farmers rebellion in Massachusetts
tried to convince people to support the new constitution by assuring them that the new federal government would not limit individual rights
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
no system of checks and balances, one branch of government, legislative branch had few powers, no executive or judicial branch, and most power held by the states
representation in Congress
"hot" topic during the Constitutional Convention - small states and large states were arguing over this
feared a powerful government, were opposed to ratification of the US Constitution, and thought the government would take away citizen's rights.
West of the Appalachian Mountains
states were eager to move into this territory after the Revolution ended; The Northwest Ordinance addressed this problem
created because of the weaknesses of the Articles, desire for a strong national government, and afternShay's Rebellion