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HIM 461 - Exam 5
Terms in this set (45)
Superficial or subcutaneous. On the skin, hair, and nails. Outer surface of the skin or just right below the surface. Very common but non-life threatening.
Internal more dangerous fungal infection.
Take open opportunities to infect certain areas of the body.
Lives in dark, moist areas. Killed by sunlight. Can change their presentation depending on the environmental temperature.
Found in the Central Mississippi Valley Region. Affects 75% of the population. Found in soil (chicken coops, pigeon feces, bat feces). Contracted by the inhalation of its spores. Causes a lung infection accompanied by cough and fever. Leaves nodules (scars) on the lungs that can appear in a chest x-ray.
Also known as the San Joaquin Valley fever. Also found in South America. Its spores live in dust and sandy soil. Construction workers are very susceptible. Causes a lung infection accompanied by cough, fever, and headache.
We are affected by the North American variety of this fungus. Appears as a cutaneous (skin) infection. Causes a pneumonia type lung infection. Tested for with sputem samples.
Found in soil and common in the environment. Opportunistic infection. Causes pneumonia in immunocompromised patients (AIDS, cancer, steroid treatments). AIDS patients are usually treated with Bactrim to prevent this fungal infection because they are the most susceptible.
Can cause Meningitis, lung infection or a cutaneous infection. Prone to travel to spinal fluid. Meningitis tested for with an India Ink Stain on CSF. Lung infection can lead to pneumonia. Cutaneous infection can lead to skin lesions. Prevalent in immunocompromised patients.
Found in soil and decaying organic matter. Diabetes patients are vulnerable to this infection. Grows in the sinus cavities of diabetic patients and obstructs airways. Hyphae can obstruct blood vessels in the lung and brain and cause aneurysms. Can be fatal if not diagnosed early.
Can be normal flora (candida albicans). Can be found in mucous membranes, GI tract, mouth and reproductive tract. Affects patients with cancer, chemotherapy treatments, steroid treatments (immunocompromised) and after prolonged antibiotic treatment.
Affects skin, hair and nails. Infection begins with the word "Tinea".
Dermatomycoses of the feet.
Dermatomycoses of the inguinal region.
Dermatomycoses of the head.
Dermatomycoses of large portions of the body. Also known as "ring worms"
Skin that doesn't respond to sunlight (won't tan or burn). White patches on the skin.
Fungal infection of the fingernails and toenails. Common in diabetic patients. Must treat until the entire new nail has grown out.
Organism that lives on another living being to get shelter and food supply.
Host that adult parasites live in.
Host that embryonic parasite (larval stage) lives in.
Small one-celled parasites.
Protozoan amebiasis. Found in contaminated water. Can cause internal disease such as Dysentery (nausea, diarrhea, and dehydration). Tested for with an OCP stool sample.
Ova, cysts, parasites.
Protozoan causes malaria. Transmitted by mosquitos. Causes fever and rigors (shaking/chills). Usually fatal in children.
Protozoan Trypanosomiasis. Called African sleeping sickness because the patient can go into a coma. Transmitted by the Tsetse fly. Causes fever, swollen lymph nodes and potentially a coma. Causes Chagas disease if transmitted by the Triatomine bug ("Kissing Bug"). Can have an acute stage and a chronic stage.
Protozoan Toxoplasmosis. Spread through cat feces and can be found in litter boxes. Causes lymphadenopathy and chorioretenitis. Dangerous to the fetus of pregnant women.
Protozoan giardiasis. Found in contaminated water. Causes diarrhea and fatigue. Diagnosed with the OCP stool test. Treated with antibiotics.
Protozoan Trichomoniasis. STD that causes vaginitis. Vaginitis is similar to a yeast infection. Treated with antibiotics.
Protozoan cryptosporidiosis. Found in contaminated water. Causes diarrhea, dehydration and cramps. Can be filtered out with a proper water filter system. Fatal to immunocompromised patients (children, elderly, HIV patients, etc.)
Hookworm. Can be contracted by walking barefoot in the soil. Causes anemia.
Ascariasis. Roundworm. Can be contracted from eating contaminated food. Causes peritonitis (stomach infection and pain). Causes a form of pneumonia. Some patients show no symptoms. Treated with antibiotics.
Enterobiasis. Pinworm. Can be contracted from eating contaminated food. Most common in children. Causes itching around the anus. Diagnosed with the scotch tape test.
Trichinosis. Found in undercooked pork. Normally found in the pig muscle. Parasite will move into the muscles of humans. Causes myopathy. Diagnosed by muscle biopsies of the pained muscles.
Filariasis. Causes elephantiasis. Transmitted by mosquitos in Africa. Worms are transmitted by mosquitos that cause the infection. Causes lymphatic obstructions in extremities and cause extremity enlargement (lymphedema). The lymph fluid can't travel back out the extremities causing the enlargement.
Can find a host in humans and animals.
Tapeworm found in beef.
Tapeworm found in pork. Causes neurocycticercosis (irreversible brain cysts that cause epilepsy in children. Leading cause of new epilepsy cases in children in Texas.)
Tapeworm found in fish.
Tapeworm found in dogs. Can be transmitted to humans. Causes Hydatid disease in humans which moves to the liver.
Schistosomiasis. Contracted from bathing in infested streams. Causes blood to appear in urine. Found in the urinary bladder and creates a future risk for bladder cancer.
External parasite that causes scabies. Transmitted by mites. Mites leave feces on the skin which causes a rash that leads to severe itching. Treated with topical ointment.
Head lice and body lice. Can be killed with medication and topical ointment.
Vector of the plague. Fleas were carried on the over population of mice. Fleas jumped off of mice and bit humans which transmitted the plague to the humans.
Hard to control. Spread in hotels and apartments. Will continue to multiply if they are not all killed by an exterminator in the entire building of an apartment or hotel.
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