Terms in this set (15)
a guile or trickery or a false or mistaken idea.
Any kind of fallacious argument that criticizes an idea by pointing something out about the person who holds the ides, rather than directly addressing the actual merit of the idea.
Tempts us to agree with the writer's assumptions based on the authority of a famous person or entity or on his or her own character (when the writers are well-known)
Begging The Question
Someone assumes that parts (or all) of what the person claims to be proving are proven facts.
When a writer deliberately leads you to a conclusion by providing insufficient, selective evidence.
A statement that does not relate logically to what comes before it.
Suggest dire consequences from relatively minor causes.
The setting up of a cause-and-effect relationship when none exists.
Consists of an oversimplification of an opponent's argument to make it easier to attack.
Appeals to the hearts of the readers so that they forget to use their minds.
Used to frighten readers or listeners into agreeing with the speaker; often, when scare tactics are used, the speaker has no logical argument on which to fall back.
Encourages the listener to agree with a position because everyone else does.
When the speaker presumes that his or her beliefs are beyond question.
Telling part of the truth, while deliberately hiding the entire truth; typically, this similar to lying by omission.
An illogical, misleading comparison between two things.