Important Dates in Roman History
including a timeline of Cicero's life. For more info on some terms (e.g. Catilinarian conspiracy), see the Latin terms for history, myth, and culture set.
44 (27) BCE-476 CE
107 BCE and before
Marius serves as consul with Sulla as his second-in-command. They fight civil wars. Marius reforms Roman army, Sulla initiates proscription lists.
Pompey is born, Cicero is born in Arpinum
before 70 BCE
Cicero climbs the cursus honorum, ladder of political offices, quickly - aedile, quaestor, praetor, consul
Hortensius refuses to sue Verres, so Cicero takes the case and wins.
Cicero is consul and has to deal with the Catilinarian conspiracy.
formation of the 1st Triumvirate - Pompey gets conquered lands, Crassus gets Parthia, Caesar gets Gaul
Caesar is consul and then goes to Gaul.
Cicero is exiled because of Clodius
Pompey helps recall Cicero
Pompey and Crassus are consuls again
Crassus and his son are killed by the Parthians, who poured molten gold down Crassus' throat.
Pompey is asked to be the sole consul, and refuses to allow Caesar to avoid his debt.
Caesar crosses the Rubicon and wages civil war against Pompey
Cicero joins Pompey's army. Pompey and Caesar fight the Battle of Pharsalus, where Caesar wins. Pompey flees to Egypt.
Caesar becomes dictator for life. Marc Antony forms the 2nd Triumvirate with Octavian and Lepidus. Cicero publishes the Philippics against Marc Antony.
Cicero is put on the proscription lists and dies.