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including a timeline of Cicero's life. For more info on some terms (e.g. Catilinarian conspiracy), see the Latin terms for history, myth, and culture set.


753-510 BCE


509-44 BCE


44 (27) BCE-476 CE


476 CE-present

107 BCE and before

Marius serves as consul with Sulla as his second-in-command. They fight civil wars. Marius reforms Roman army, Sulla initiates proscription lists.

106 BCE

Pompey is born, Cicero is born in Arpinum

before 70 BCE

Cicero climbs the cursus honorum, ladder of political offices, quickly - aedile, quaestor, praetor, consul

70 BCE

Hortensius refuses to sue Verres, so Cicero takes the case and wins.

63 BCE

Cicero is consul and has to deal with the Catilinarian conspiracy.

60 BCE

formation of the 1st Triumvirate - Pompey gets conquered lands, Crassus gets Parthia, Caesar gets Gaul

59 BCE

Caesar is consul and then goes to Gaul.

58 BCE

Cicero is exiled because of Clodius

57 BCE

Pompey helps recall Cicero

55 BCE

Pompey and Crassus are consuls again

53 BCE

Crassus and his son are killed by the Parthians, who poured molten gold down Crassus' throat.

52 BCE

Pompey is asked to be the sole consul, and refuses to allow Caesar to avoid his debt.

49 BCE

Caesar crosses the Rubicon and wages civil war against Pompey

48 BCE

Cicero joins Pompey's army. Pompey and Caesar fight the Battle of Pharsalus, where Caesar wins. Pompey flees to Egypt.

44 BCE

Caesar becomes dictator for life. Marc Antony forms the 2nd Triumvirate with Octavian and Lepidus. Cicero publishes the Philippics against Marc Antony.

43 BCE

Cicero is put on the proscription lists and dies.

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