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US History Chapter 23 World War 1
Terms in this set (55)
The Triple Entente
An alliance prior to WWI that included France, Russia and Great Britain.
The Triple Alliance
This alliance consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Italy later left, and was replaced with The Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and Bulgaria. Also known as the Central Powers.
The Lusitania, Susses & the Arabic
Three United States ships which were sunk by the Germans. Were catalysts for the U.S. to join World War 1
March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.
Selective Service Act
law requiring men to register for military service
Food Administration Board
started many programs to streamline food production and distribution
Committee on Public Information
It was headed by George Creel. The purpose of this committee was to mobilize people's minds for war, both in America and abroad. Tried to get the entire U.S. public to support U.S. involvement in WWI. Creel's organization, employed some 150,000 workers at home and oversees. He proved that words were indeed weapons.
Wilson's Fourteen Points
President Wilson's Peace proposal in 1918 stressed national self-determination and the rights of the small countries. Freedom of the seas and free trade. Clemenceau said, "God only had ten."
The Big Four
Italy, France, England, and the U.S. 4 powers who met at Versallies to discuss peace
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
The Red Scare
A period of time in American History when the government went after "Reds" (communists) and others with radical views
racism and a deep belief you are superior
any instance of aggressive extension of authority
group of senators who opposed article X- some wanted big/smaller changes
War Industries Board
Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
American Protection League
enlisted people to spy on their neighbors
Women's Peace Party
founded in 1915 and was the first autonomous national women's political organization in the U.S. It was considered the most radical organization of its time. The chairwoman was Jane Adams. Its main purpose was for women to connect the responsibilities of the home with political rights.
Espionage & Sedition Acts
two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI
people who refuse to fight in any war because they believe war is evil
Unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
The Great Migration
The migration of thousands of African-Americans from the South to the North. African Americans were looking to escape the problems of racism in the South and felt they could seek out better jobs and an overall better life in the North.
a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
weapons that contain chemical elements, such as chlorine gas and mustard gas
Where people bought bonds so the government could get that money now for war. The bonds increased in interest over time.
a political party in the United States formed in 1900 to advocate socialism
Industrial Workers of the World
Radical union organized in Chicago in 1905 and nicknamed the Wobblies; its opposition to World War I led to its destruction by the federal government under the Espionage Act.
"100 % Americanism"
The end of WWI brought about this movement which celebrated all this American and attacked all ideas and people it viewed as foreign or anti American. People were afraid that immigrant ideologies would lure Americans into radically revolting against the government. It also brought about a revival of the KKK and felt that if you were not a white Anglo Saxon protestant you needed to do your best to act like one.
right of the people to decide how they should be governed
payment for damages after a war
gave women the right to vote
The Palmer Raids
Raided offices,homes of those suspected communists socialists anarchists. rarely had warrants jailed without lawyers hundreds deported. Failed to find evidence of communists take over , fueled the red scare
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
The member of the Black Hand who assassinated the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, the spark that started WWI
David Lloyd George
He was the British representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
He was the French representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
He was the Italian representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
Prominent socialist leader (and five time presidential candidate) who founded the American Railroad Union and led the 1894 Pullman Strike
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
Sacco & Vanzetti
were two italian born american laborers and anarchists who were tired convicted and executed via electrocution on Aug 3 1927 in Ma for the 1920 armed robbery. it is believed they had nothing to do with the crime
A. Mitchell Palmer
attorney general who authorized anti-radical raids and deportations
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
Charles Evans Hughes
Started government regulation of public utilities. He was Secretary of State under Harding and later became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He was the Republican candidate in 1916, and lost to Wilson by less that 1% of the vote.
Germany's foreign secretary; wrote note: secret offer to Mexico- rewarded land if declare war on U. S.
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom
the most decorated United States combat pilot in World War I (1890-1973)
US general who chased Villa over 300 miles into Mexico but didn't capture him
31st President of the United States
29th President of the United States
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
economic advisor to United States Presidents (1870-1965)
Carrie Chapman Catt
Spoke powerfully in favor of suffrage, worked as a school principal and a reporter ., became head of the National American Woman Suffrage, an inspiried speaker and abrilliant organizer. Devised a detailed battle plan for fighting the war of suffrage.
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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