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25 terms

history test

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human nature
a human beings natural state
divine right
the idea that monarchs are god's representatives and they are answerable only to god
constitutional monarchy
a system of governing that the rulers power is limited by law
sovereignty
entity that has absolute political power
positive law
law we follow because its our own self interest
negative law
law that we follow to avoid punishment
absolutism
ruler who has unlimited power and seek to control society
habeaus corpus
document that requires a prisoner to be brought before a court or judge so that it can be decided whether their imprisonment is legal
liberalism
calls for freedom from government
cabinet
advisers of a country that help make government
Romanov
dynasty, peter was first important name to come of of dynasty
westernization
adoption of social, political, or economic institutions of western countries
edict of mantes
henry iv promised protestants peace in france and allowed to set up houses of worship in french cities
jean bodin
author who wrote the first description of absolute monarch
louis 14th
sun king of france; opitimy of absolute monarchy
theory of social contract
agreement when people created government; limited individual rights
j-b colbert
mercantilist that regulated economy and benefited the king
mercantilism
nations wanted to increase wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver by selling more goods
cromwell
leader of opposition against Charles I
charles 1
executed by parliaments; not allowing parliament to participate in political process
glorious revolution
overthrow of king james ii and his replacement William and Mary
restoration
the period of Charles i, after collapse of cromwell's government
english bill of rights
listed things a ruler cannot do, no suspending of parliament laws
st petersburg
drained swamp, 25,000 - 100,000 russians killed, became new capital of russia
skepticism
philosophy based on the idea that nothing can be known for certain.