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20 terms

unit 5 vocab

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Drawing Conclusions
To determine the outcome, to summarize
Generalizations
Combining evidence in a text with what you already know to make a broad, universal statement
Inferences
An educated guess, reading between the lines to figure out what the writer suggests but does not state directly
Loaded Words
Writing that is meant to change a reader's thinking or action
Denotation
A dictionary definition
Connotation
the feelings and associations that have come to be attached to a word
Persuasion
The use of language or of visual images to get us to believe or do something
Logic
Correct reasoning built on opinions supported by reasons and evidence
Evidence
The support or proof that backs up an idea, conclusion, or opinion
Expert Opinion
Opinion from an expert to create a logical argument
Fallacious Reasoning
False reasoning
Hasty Generalizations
Based on incomplete evidence
Circular Reasoning
Says the same thing over and over again, each time using slightly different
Only-Cause Fallacy
A situation is seen as the result of only one cause. Situations often have many causes
Bias
Favors one point of view over another, ignores information that supports the other point of view
Propaganda
Type of persuasion used to keep us from thinking for ourselves. It relies on emotional appeal rather than logical arguments and reasoning
Bandwagon Appeal
Urges you to do somthing because everyone else is doing it. Often used in advertising
Testimonial
Uses a famous person to promote an idea or product
Snob Appeal
Advertisers use this when they associate their product with wealth, power, beauty
Emotional Appeal
Appeals to the reader's emotions.