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47 terms

Chapter 37 Jeopardy

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Americans feared that the end of WWII would bring mainly
A return of the Great Depression
The US believed that it was desirable to have the Soviet Union participate in the projected invasion of Japan because
Soviets could help reduce the number of American casualties
The growth of organized labor in the post WWII era was slowed by all of the following except
the reduced number of women in the workforce
Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalist government lost the Chinese civil war to the communists and Mao Zedong because
Jiang lost the support and confidence of the Chinese people
The huge "baby boom" crested in the ___ and has been declining since.
late 1950's
The US and the Soviet Union resembled one another in that they
had been largely isolated from world affairs and practiced an ideological "missionary" foreign policy
The Marshall Plan succeeded in reviving Europe's economy and thwarting the large internal Communist parties threatening to take over
Italy and France
President Truman's domestic legislative plan was dubbed the
Fair Deal
The United States' participation in NATO
marked a dramatic departure from traditional American isolationism.
In 1948, many southern Democrats split from their party to support Governor J. Strom Thurmond because
President Truman took a strong stand in favor of civil rights
Match each postwar American program below with its primary purpose:
___ A. Point Four
___ B. NATO
___ C. Truman Doctrine
___ D. Marshall Plan
1. assist communist-threatened Greece and Turkey
2. promote economic recovery of Europe
3. aid underdeveloped nations of Latin America, Asia, and Africa
4. resist Soviet military threat
A:3, B:1, C:2, D:4
Arrange the following in chronological order of their appearance
a) Marshal Plan
b) Truman Doctrine
c) NATO
B, A, C
The earliest and most serious failure of the United Nations involved its inability to
control atomic energy, especially in the manufacture of weapons
America's postwar containment policy was based on the assumption that the Soviet Union was fundamentally
expansionist but cautious
NSC-68 called for
a massive increase in military spending
American membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization did all of the following for the country except
reduce our defense expenditures, since we would get help from other countries.
President Truman's Marshall Plan called for
substantial financial assistance to rebuild Western Europe.
Before he was elected Vice President of the United States in 1944, Harry S. Truman had served all of the following except
secretary of the navy
The victorious World War II Allies quickly agreed that
Nazism should be destroyed in Germany and high-ranking Nazis should be tried and punished for war crimes.
Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) Berlin airlift, (B) Korean War, (C) fall of China.
A, C, B
One sign of the stress that the widespread post-World War II geographic mobility
placed on American families was the
popularity of advice books on child-rearing.
Which of the following was not true of the new Japanese government installed by General Douglas MacArthur in 1946?
it joined an American military alliance to prevent the spread of communism in East Asia.
Postwar Japan
had its military leaders tried for war crimes, as had occurred in Germany
Which of the following did not contribute to the rapid rise of suburbia in post-WWII America?
the environment crisis.
The imperious and insubordinate commander in Korea who was fired by President Truman was General
Douglas MacArthur
The Taft-Hartley Act delivered a major blow to labor by
outlawing "closed" (all-union) shops.
The dramatically reduced number of American farms and farmers in the postwar era was accompanied by
spectacular gains in American agricultural productivity and food growing.
Since 1945, population in the United States has grown most rapidly in the
Sunbelt
Unlike the failed League of Nations, the new United Nations
was established in a spirit of cooperation before the war's actual end.
Population distribution after World War II followed a pattern of
an urban-suburban segregation of blacks and whites in major metropolitan areas
The immediate crisis that prompted the announcement of the Truman Doctrine was related to the threat of a communist takeover in
Greece and Turkey
In an effort to detect communists within the federal government, President Harry Truman established the
Smith Act.
President Truman risked American access to Middle Eastern oil supplies when he
recognized the Jewish state of Israel
Match each 1948 presidential candidate below with his political party.
A. J. Strom Thurmond 1. Progressive
B. Henry Wallace 2. Democratic
C. Harry S Truman 3. States' Rights
D. Thomas E. Dewey 4. Republican
A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4
Soviet specialist George F. Kennan framed a coherent approach for America in the Cold War by advising a policy of
containment
One striking consequence of the postwar economic boom was
a vast expansion of the homeowning middle class.
Under the Truman Doctrine, the United States pledged to
support those who were resisting subjugation by communists
President Harry Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur from command of United Nations troops in Korea when
MacArthur began to take issue publicly with presidential policies
Much of the prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s rested on the underpinnings of
colossal military budgets.
The NSC-68 document reflected the American belief
in the limitless capabilities of the American economy and society.
Harry Truman possessed all of the following personal characteristics except
Willingness to admit mistakes
The origins of the Cold War lay in a fundamental disagreement between the United States and the Soviet Union over postwar arrangements in
Europe
Unlike the failed League of Nations, the new United Nations
had the United States
When the Soviet Union denied the United States, Britain, and France access to Berlin in 1948, President Truman responded by
Organizing a gigantic airlift of supplies to
Berlin
American membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization did all of the following for the country except
reduce our defense expenditures, since we would get help from other
countries
Which of the following was not true of the new Japanese government installed by General Douglas MacArthur in 1946?
It joined an American military alliance to prevent the
spread of communism in E. Asia
Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) Berlin airlift, (B) Korean War, (C) fall of China.
A, C, B