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15 terms

Art History 2 Exam 2 Major Terms

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Renaissance
revival of art and literature. renewal.
linear perspective
relative shape, size, and position of objects is based on an actual or imaginary line converging at a point on the horizon; using a vanishing point to create the illusion of depth
contrapposto
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
memento mori
reminder of death, remember that you are mortal,

a reminder of human mortality, usually represented by a skull; also, a genre of artistic creations that vary widely from one another, but which all share the same purpose: to remind people of their own mortality and the punishment they will receive if they transgress the rules of their religion.
piero della francesca
early renaissance painter. mathematician and geometer. known for humanism, use of geometric forms and perspective.
Masaccio
The ranaissance artist who led the way in establishing a new style of employing deep space, modeling , and anatomical correctness.

Italian painter. applied laws of perspective to painting.
Jan van Eyck
The Flemish painter who was among the first to use and perfect the technique of oil painting.
oil paint
style of painting during the Renaissance that allowed for a wider range of colors and varied tones
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian Renaissance artist that painted The Last Supper and Mona Lisa, he was also an engineer, architect, sculptor, and scientist.
sfumato
Painting technique in which contours are enveloped in a suggestive, smoke-like haze. da Vinci used in painting the Mona Lisa.
Michelangelo
This was an artist who led the way for Renaissance masters from his David sculpture and his painting of the Sistine Chapel ceiling
High Renaissance
period beginning in the late 15th century, it produced some of the most well-known religious and secular artwork of the period from such figures as leonardo, raphael, and michelangelo
Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Martin Luther
a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.
Albrecht Duerer
Famous Northern Renaissance artist, he often used woodcutting along with Italian Renaissance techniques like proportion, perspective and modeling. (Knight Death, and Devil; Four Apostles)