🇮🇹🗡Ancient Rome Study Guide🏟🏺♊️
Terms in this set (52)
In addition to their own devlopments, the Romans borrowed many ideas from the _____.
How were Roman sculptures different from Greek sculptures?
Roman sculptures were more realistic than Greek sculptures.🎎
A___ or curved ceiling was formed by rows of arches against one another.
The Romans were the first to invent and use__ which is a mixture of volcanic ash, lime , and water .when dried this substance is hard as a rock.
The ___ was built in AD 80 . It is a huge arena that could seat about 60,000 people.
The __ is a temple that was built to honor Rome's gods.
The Romans people's language was called___.
The language of the Romans is often in the fields of ___,_____,______.
Medicine , law , and science
Roman engineers built a system of ____ to connect the empire.
Engineers built ___ to bring water from the hills into the cities.
Roman cities had ___ to remove waste.
The Romans rebelled against the ___ and set up a new type of government in 509 BC.
Tarquin King ( monarchy)
A ___ is a form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote.
The ___ were wealthy landowners who made up Rome's ruling class.
The ___ were the commoners : artisans , shopkeepers,and owners of small farms.
Who could be a Roman citizen?
Both patrician and plebeian men
What were the rights and responsibilities of Roman citizens ?
Vote,pay taxes , and serve in the army
What was forbidden to happen between patricians and plebeians ?
Early on in the republic , only __ could serve in a government office.
The top officials in the Roman government were ___ , with two of them chosen each year.
The jobs of the consuls included ________ and _____.
Head of the army, running the government
Each consul had the right to ____ or reject each other's decisions .
The ___ main job was to interpret the law and act as judges in court cases.
The ____ job was to make sure the plebeians concerns were brought to the governments attention .
Rome's most important legislative or law- making body was called the ____.
Senators served their term for how long?
What were the responsibilities of the Assembly of Centuries?
Elected important officials and passed laws
Why did the Plebeians think they should have equal rights?
They fought in the army and paid taxes
How did the Plebeians convince the Patricians that they should have more rights?
They refused to serve in the army and left the city to set up their own republic.
What was the name of the plebeians body of representatives?
Council of Plebs
The Roman government was structured in a complex way to prevent any one group or body of consolidating too much power. This is called ___ and ____.
Checks and balances
A ___ in Ancient Rome could rule with absolute power for a short period of time during emergencies .
The ___ basically states that everyone should be equal under the law.
Rule of Law
Developing the ___ allowed the Romans to build higher, more stable structures like the Coliseum.
A time of peace, prosperity ,and expansion in Rome was known as the ___ which means Roman Peace.
Rome is a peninsula in the ___ which allowed it to prosper economically (trade), interact with and conquer other lands.
Rome started as a____, became a____ , which lasted for about 500 years , and finally became a ___.
____ made himself dictator for life.
Rome reached the height of its power under the emperor___.
___ was seen as a hero to the plebeians because he gave the land,food,and jobs.
Augustus was once known as ___.
Who said this " I found Rome city of brick and left it a city of marble."?
Who said this," I cam , I saw , I conquered"?
By expanding the empire and reorganizing the military and government to make it safe and strong,___ created a new era of prosperity called the Pax Romana.
If you had to describe Rome's religion ( for most of its history), you would say that the Romans were___.
The eastern part of the Roman Empire lasted for about 1,000 years and was known as the ___.
___ became known as the greatest city in the western world after the fall of Rome. First it was called Byzantium, and today it is known as Istanbul.
The greatest accomplishments of ___ and ___ were preserved in Constantinople and spread throughout the own world .
The Byzantine Emperor, ___ , organized and simplified the complex Roman legal system to make it more accessible to the average citizen.
Artists of the Byzantine era enhanced the Roman style of using natural ____ for mosaics with brightly colored glass.
The Byzantine Empire had many Christian churches built decorated , like a famous one called ____.
The _____ was an open space that served as a marketplace and public square, with temples and public buildings built around it.