Is voluntary, striated, and made up of long slender striped cells. Contracts quickly in response to stimulation, and act in opposing groups
Is involuntary, non-striated, and composed of sprindle-shaped cells. Found in viscera, especially the stomach. Contracts slowly
Is Involuntary, partially striated; special tissue found only in the heart
Major functions of muscles
Assist in conducting nerve impulses to brain, assist in movement, produce heat, and protect organs
Muscles are enclosed in this
When epimyseum extends in a strong, tough cord that is continuous with the periosteum
Superior, less moveable part of muscle
Body or belly
Middle portion of muscle
Distal end of muscle
The ability to resume former length when stretching force is removed
Tone or tonus
Slight tension present in the muscle even when muscle is resting.
The ability to transmit impulses
The ability to contract or shorten and to thicken when a muscle shortens; it exerts pull
The ability to lengthen or stretch and hold
Tense a part; make more rigid
Turn palm downward
Ring-like muscles that close body openings
Move away from a part
Revolve a part on it's axis
Turn the palm upward
Move toward a part or toward the midline
Straighten a joint
Caused by response to natural or artificial stimulus
Muscles that move a part lie ( ) to the part they move
Muscle cells get energy to contract from ( )
Three criteria for remembering shapes of muscles
Action, shape, and numbers of divisions
Broad thin muscles which support internal organs, assist in respiration, and assist in eliminating waste from the large intestine and bladder
Assist in respiration and movements of the neck, arms, and trunk
Large broad muscles attached to the vertebrae which allow body to bend, turn, and stand erect
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