Create an account
Babylonians destroyed the first temple in Jerusalem in 86 B.C.E. and exiled the Jews to Babylonia
literally, the place near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified; here, used metaphorically to mean an experience of intense agony or grief
a system of gov. with centralized authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship and usually a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism
German acronym for the German Secret State Police, part of the SS notorious for terrorism against enemies of the state
small groups of soldiers, often volunteers, who make surprise attacks and raids behind enemy lines
Pejorative term for Roma or Romany, an ethnic group with roots in India which suffered large losses in the Holocaust
Admiral Miklos Horthy
regent of Hungary who was forced by the Nazis to relinquish power to the Nylias Hungarian Fascist party after Nazi invasion
concentration camp prisoners who were given special priveleges in return for supervising other prisoners or work crews; often common criminals who were notorious for their brutality toward fellow inmates
Hungarion for Arrow Cross, a fascist anti-semitic party which assumed power in late 1944 and assisted the SS in deportations of Jews
In Hebrew, tefellin; Greek word for two black leather cubes, worn during daily morning prayer which contain verses from the Torah
brutal campaign by Roman Catholic church to punish nonbelievers including Jews and Muslims
Day of Atonment; holiest day of Jewish year when Jews fast and pray for forgiveness of their sins
a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will; emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together