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35 terms

Night German vocab.

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achtung
German for attention
Aden
former middle eastern British colony, now part of Yemen
Aryan
pure, superior Germanic race
Babylon captivity
Babylonians destroyed the first temple in Jerusalem in 86 B.C.E. and exiled the Jews to Babylonia
boche
WWI derogatory French slang for a German, usually a soldier
Cabbala
Jewish mysticism, including numerology
Cavalry
literally, the place near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified; here, used metaphorically to mean an experience of intense agony or grief
Death's head
skull insignia for SS officers working in concentration camps
fascism
a system of gov. with centralized authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship and usually a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism
Gestapo
German acronym for the German Secret State Police, part of the SS notorious for terrorism against enemies of the state
Guerrillas
small groups of soldiers, often volunteers, who make surprise attacks and raids behind enemy lines
gypsy
Pejorative term for Roma or Romany, an ethnic group with roots in India which suffered large losses in the Holocaust
Hasidism
movement of Orthodox Judaism with strong mystical and emotional elements
Heinrich Himmler
head of SS and principal planner of Jews' total elimination
Adolf Hitler
dictator of Germany
Admiral Miklos Horthy
regent of Hungary who was forced by the Nazis to relinquish power to the Nylias Hungarian Fascist party after Nazi invasion
Kabbalah
Jewish mysticism related to interpretation of Scripture
Kaddish
a prayer in Aramaic praising God; the mourner's Kaddish is said for the dead
kapos
concentration camp prisoners who were given special priveleges in return for supervising other prisoners or work crews; often common criminals who were notorious for their brutality toward fellow inmates
Lazarus
a man described in the Books of John and Luke as having been raised from the dead by Jesus
los
German for "go on!"
Maimonides
Jewish rabbi, physician and philosopher
Musulman
German for Muslim
Nyilas party
Hungarion for Arrow Cross, a fascist anti-semitic party which assumed power in late 1944 and assisted the SS in deportations of Jews
phylacteries
In Hebrew, tefellin; Greek word for two black leather cubes, worn during daily morning prayer which contain verses from the Torah
Red Army
the regular army of the former Soviet Union
Rosh Hashana
Jewish New Year
Spanish Inquisition
brutal campaign by Roman Catholic church to punish nonbelievers including Jews and Muslims
Talmud
the most important compilation of Jewish oral tradition
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonment; holiest day of Jewish year when Jews fast and pray for forgiveness of their sins
Zionism
political movement advocating the establishment of a Jewish state
Zohar
from the Hebrew meaning light of splendor; one of the major works of the Cabbala
modernism
a style or movement in the arts that aims to break with classical and traditional forms
existentialism
a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will; emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
magical realism
an aesthetic style or genre of fiction in which magical elements are blended into a realistic atmosphere in order to access a deeper understanding of reality