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Arts and Humanities
Music History: Romantic Period
Terms in this set (97)
Dates of the Romantic Period?
What revolution helped in the advancement of the Romantic Period music and instruments?
What are the advancements in music and instruments?
Advancement of steel and piano got an iron frame
5 characteristics of period
-Decline of sacred music
-Virtuosity (especially with piano)
-Rhythm became more flexible
-Piano character pieces
-Use of orchestra
What is Nationalism?
Specific rise of national identity; resulted in composers using folk, dances, legends, and history of their relations
What is program music?
Music that attempts to express or depict 1 or more nonmusical ideas.
4 different types of program music
-Tone poem/symphonic poem
Modern piano's major parts? How many?
Cast-iron frame, sound board, strings, pedals, case and hammers
Poetry and music are intimately fused in an _________.
What is a Lied?
German for song
Art songs which are grouped in a set called ___________ are usually a unified by a story line that runs through the poems.
the song cycle
What is the difference between Strophic and Through-composed?
Strophic: Repeating same music for each stanza of a poem, making it easy to remember compared.
Through-composed: New music for each stanza, reflecting poems changing mood.
Carl Maria von Weber is known for in history as the composer who established a ___________ in his native land.
Weber accomplished the creation of a national opera in what way?
He recognized the theater's operation
What is the name of Weber's most popular opera?
This composer dies at the age of 31 and his last wishes were to be buried near Beethoven.
At age 18 Schubert wrote his most popular lied based on a Goethe ballad. What is that name if this lied?
How many songs did Franz Schubert write?
More than 600
What is a Schubertiad?
Group representing educated, musically aware middle class.
What are the four characters in the lied Der Erlkönig?
Robert Schumann was the editor for what paper?
Die Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (The New Journal of Music)
Name Robert Schumann's three personalities and their characteristics.
1. Florestan (flamboyant, impetuous, passionate)
2. Eusebius (more controlled, sensitive, dreamy)
3. Raro (philosopher)
Famous female pianist who toured Europe and was nicknamed the Princess of Piano and the Priestess.
Clara Weick Schumann
This musician is rumored to have sold his soul to the devil to play the violin at such a virtuoso level.
Niccolo Paganini wrote 23 Caprices and also advanced the technique of the violin in what ways?
He was one of the great Polish composers of the piano and helped to expand the technical and expressive range of the piano.
Name some of the titles that Chopin gave to his many character pieces.
Palonaise, nocturne, fantasie, rhapsody, ballade, waltz, and preludes
What is a Character Piece?
Short, lyrical piano piece usually involving particular mood or scene
Chopin's lover of many years was Aurore Dudevant, the French novelist, what was her pseudonym?
Name 2 characteristics of Chopin's music.
Hungarian composer, pianist and conductor who championed new and upcoming musicians?
Many of Liszt symphonic works abandoned the large-scale four-movement and composed what?
Liszt took the piano out of the salons and into the ____________ of Europe. He also did what to the piano that changed the way pianist perform in concert today?
Felix Mendelssohn wrote what composition at the age of 17?
Overture to A Midsummers Night's Dreams
Felix Mendelssohn was also the conductor of the ____________, also founded and was director of the ______________.
St. Matthew Passion
This composer wrote a favorite lied of Queen Victoria's, but it was under the pen name of her brother.
What made Berlioz the composer different than the other Romantic composers of the period like Chopin and Liszt?
Never studied piano; rather guitar, flute, and singing
What area of music did Berlioz make his most important mark in music history?
Development of program music and modern orchestration
Name Berlioz's most famous composition and the woman for whom it was written about.
Symphonie Fantastique; Harriet Smithson
What special techniques did the strings use in Symphonie Fantastique?
Col legno and pizzicato
What are the dates of the Post Romantic Period?
In the Southern part of the United States at this time another music genre was starting, it was called?
Who is the most distinguished Norwegian composer of the 19th century?
What is the name of Edvard Greig's most famous composition?
Who are the Mighty 5/Mighty Handful and what did they do?
Famous group of composers who worked in 1800s; composers of Russian nationalistic pieces by using religious and folk music as a basis for art music and want to freedom from strict forms in composition
This person established himself as the founder of the Russian National School of Music.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
This Russian composer is considered one of the most original of the Russian nationalist composers, with his use of bold and unorthodox harmonies.
What piece of music did Mussorgsky wrote after visiting an art exhibition in honor of his friend Victor Hartmann?
Pictures at an Exhibition
The Russian composer known for producing rich melodies and colorful harmonies.
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
What are the names of Tchaikovsky's three ballets?
How many symphonies did Tchaikovsky write?
This composer was the first major nationalist composer of Bohemia and one of the founders of the Czech nationalist movement.
Name Smetana's nationalistic programmatic piece.
Ma Vlast (My Country)
This composer left Czech to live in America, in Spillville, Iowa. Name the composer and his famous symphony he wrote while here.
Symphony in Em (Largo from the New World)
He drew on Czech and Slavonic ____________ for his nationalistic sound.
This composer was a traditionalist and was considered a true successor of Beethoven.
Johannes Brahams wrote in virtually every genre except for ___________.
What two works assured Brahams both fame and financial security?
German Requiem, Variations on Theme by Haydn
Brahms was the first great musician to have what done to him?
Have his voice recorded
What is the name of the opera composed by Georges Bizet?
This opera is set in ________ but the text is in ___________.
Camille Saint-Saëns founded the _______________ to revive the artistic and cultural value of music of French music.
Sociéte Nationale de Musique
What was the only national cultural institution in Italy at the turn of the century?
The leading music publisher of Italian music is _________.
Truth/reality: Places everyday people in familiar situations acting violently under impulse of primitive emotions.
_________ was one of the most important composers of Italian Opera in the early 19th century and his last opera was __________.
___________ was the leading Italian opera composer for nearly a decade after Bellini and two of his opera were ___________ and ___________.
Zoraida di Granata
What was the last opera written by Rossini was ____________.
Name three other operas written by Rossini.
What did Giuseppe Verdi define as "my most beautiful work".
Retirement home for old musicians in Milan
Name the three operas based on Shakespearean plays and characters?
Verdi's first operatic success was __________.
When Verdi's died more than 28,000 people lined the streets for his funeral and started singing _________.
Giacomo Puccini's operas blend _____________ and theatricality with ___________, _____________ and a rich vocal line.
Name three of Puccini's operas.
Das Judentum in der Misik means ____________ and is an article/essay written by Wagner on his anti-semetic views in music.
The Jewishness in Music
What does Gesamptkunstwerk mean?
One of Wagner's early influences was _________.
____________ is an opera telling of forbidden love.
Tristan and Isolde
The __________ is a cycle of ____ music dramas connected by ________.
A Leitmotif is a ___________ that stands for a person, thing or idea. This is similar to the French version called an _______ used by Berlioz.
What are the 4 operas in Wagner's Ring Cycle?
1. Das Rheingold (The Rhinegold)
2. Die Wälkure (The Valkyrie)
4. Götterdämmerung (The Twilight of the Gods)
Convinced that his music could never be adequately performed in exiting opera houses, he built a new theater called _________.
Name 5 characteristics of Wagner's music.
Richard Wagner was the only composer of operas to do what?
Write his own libretti
What German leader admired Wagner for his essays and music, to the point of having Wagner's music put in all of his propaganda films?
Who was Wagner's father-in-law?
Austrian composer/conductor whose works mark the culmination of post-romantic development of the symphony and influenced 20th century composers.
Gustav Mahler conducted the _________ and later the ___________.
New York Philharmonic
What German composer made the tone poem famous? Name 5 of his tone poems.
-Tod und Verklärung
Richard Strauss' works fall into _______ distinct periods.
Name 2 of Strauss' operas.
Salome and Elektra
Austrian composer and organist who was highly regarded for his immense and original symphonic works.
Anton Bruckner spent most of his life studying music and counterpoint which consequently he was dubbed _________.
The Eternal Student
Name some Romantic Period composers who only wrote the fateful nine symphonies, sometimes called the Beethoven Curse.
Bruchner, Schubert, Dvoráh, Spohr, and Mahler
How does the Classical Period and Romantic Period differ?
Classical was 1750-1820
Romantic was 1820-1900
Who are the Les Six?
Sets found in the same folder
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Music History - Romantic Period
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