Greek philosopher and scientist; discovered logic, ethics, metaphysics, politics, natural science, physics
a sudden or unexpected reversal of circumstances or situation especially in a literary work
pity and fear
feeling sorrow and compassion caused by suffering/misfortunes of others; unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is dangerous
a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat
chorus and its function
commented on actions during scene through odes; sets overall mood and expresses theme; sings and dances; gives background info
originated in ancient classical tragedy; individual lines of verse dialogue are assigned to alternating speakers
irony that is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play
With what imagery does Sophocles, beginning with the Priest and running throughout the play, use to describes Thebes? (?)
How is Oedipus characterized at the beginning of the play? (What does he express? How do the people view him?) (?)
he is courageous and loved by his people
What does Oedipus promise his people in the beginning of the play?
he will rid Thebes of the person who caused the plague
Given what you know about what Teiresias knows, why does Teiresias say, "Alas, how terrible is wisdom when it brings no profit to the man that's wise!"?
Teiresias is commenting on how tragic the truth is, and how he wishes he didn't know it
What is paradoxical about the following: (Teiresias to Oedipus): "Since you have taunted me with being blind, here is my word for you. You have your eyes but see not where you are in sin, nor where you live, nor whom you live with."
Teiresias is blind and is able to see the truth, while Oedipus can see but is blind to the truth
Briefly summarize how Oedipus gets to Thebes
when Oedipus heard the prophesy from the Oracle, he decided not to return to Corinth (in order to avoid killing his mother and father who ended up not being his real parents), but instead to travel to Thebes
In the development of the play, several clues are given to reveal Oedipus' true identity. Name the "clues" and who reveals each
What fact clues Oedipus in to who might have killed Laius?
the fact that Laius was killed on a road to Delphi, and the fact that only one man survived, frightens Oedipus
What is it that disrupted the investigation of Laius' murder in the first place? (?)
Oedipus came to Thebes and took over
What gives Oedipus a false sense of security?
he thinks that Polybus and Merope are his parents, not Jocasta and Laius
What does Oedipus fear after hearing of Polybus' death?
he fears Merope, the woman he thinks is his mother, because he doesn't want to sleep with her
Towards the end of the play, one more clue from the shepherd/herdsman is needed to finally determine Oedipus's identity, to teeter him over from possible innocence to true guilt. What is the face to be revealed?
What is the climax of the play? Trace the plot structure. What are the exposition, rising action, falling action, and resolution?
exposition - Thebes is in ruin
rising action - Laius' murder begins to be investigated; many people are accused but found innocent
climax - Oedipus is found guilty
falling action - Jocasta is found dead
resolution - Oedipus banishes himself
Explain the paradox of seeing/blindness
those who see the truth wish they were blind (Oedipus); those who are blind (Teiresias) see the truth
How is Oedipus a tragic hero? What is his tragic flaw?
Oedipus banishes himself for the sake of his nation; he is a tragic hero because what he does is heroic, but it is unfortunate for him
a literary work or section of a work presenting, usually symbolically, such a moment of revelation and insight
a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (jumbo shrimp)