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17 terms

Architecture of the Afterlife: Embalming & Tombs in Ancient Egypt

Exam 2 Part ii
STUDY
PLAY
Inundation
annual flood deposited layer of salt, renewing the fertility of the soil and ensuring that the country was prosperous and the population suffieciently fed
Mummy
"mumiyah" in arabic (body preserved by wax or bitumen)
Ka
Immortal soul
Per-nefer
the embalming shop
Hery Sheshta
Chief embalmer
Anubis
God of mummification
Natron
drying salt that gets put into the bodies
Canopic jars
jars that organs went into
Wedjat
Eye of Horus, healing and protection
Nile River
on the day of burial, the body is brought here on a barque; geometric influence, very straight, symbolic sense of direction
Shaft
long part of the column, usually resembles bundles of plant stems
Capitals
top of columns, usually look like a lotus bud, the papyrus flower, or the palm frond
Necropoli
Cities of the dead
Mastaba
bench-like structure over graves; first burial structures; located in necropolis, sun baked bricks about 30' high, flat roof and sloping walls, decorated with painted patterns in brilliant colors; three spaces, underground burial chamber (30' below ground, place for sarcophagus), above ground serdab (above ground, ka statue kept, place where family worshiped dead, typically coloful to deceive the gods into letting the ka enter the afterlife, false door) and chapel.
Imhotep's Step Pyramid of King Djoser
2950 - 2575 BCE, Saqqara
Amon-Ra
god of the sun
Pyramid of King Huni at Meidum
2637 BCE, Medium