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18 terms

Classical Greek Architecture

Exam 2 Part IV
STUDY
PLAY
Architecton
"mater carpenter"
Petrification
the transformation from wood structures to stone
Trabeated
Design based on right angles (Post-and-lintel construction)
Entasis
the outward bulging in the middle of Greek columns (making the column not seem so straight and weak; optical illusion)
Naos
central interior space, where cult image located
Four basic sections of a Greek Temple
Stylobate, column, entablature & pediment
Stylobate
Three "steps"
Column
Base (except Doric), shaft and capital
Entablature
Ceiling of temple; architrave (the beam that rests on the capital), frieze (a sculpted band usually with carvins inside [metope are the images and triglyph are the three barred designs in b/w representing the cut wood]) adn cornince (a crowning trim)
Pediment
Sloping cornice (angled beam at the top), tympanum (triangluar part below with carvings and decoration) & antifixae/acroterion (carved features attached to the roof [antefixes are the 2D on roof edges and acroterion are the 3D on corners])
Doric
Shortest and widest, temple heavier in appearance, plain, cylindrical blocks called drums, baseless
Ionic
More elegant, capital's scroll-like volutes, thinner and taller, base
Corinthian
Tallest, most elegant, most majestic, foliated capitals (delineated by acanthus leaf carvings), bases
Pronaos
Open area or porch in the front of the temple
Amphiprostyle
a naos with a pronaos at either end
Peripteral
columns around structure
dipteral
second colonnade (double peristyle)
Arete
Excellence of any kind