the transformation from wood structures to stone
Design based on right angles (Post-and-lintel construction)
the outward bulging in the middle of Greek columns (making the column not seem so straight and weak; optical illusion)
central interior space, where cult image located
Four basic sections of a Greek Temple
Stylobate, column, entablature & pediment
Base (except Doric), shaft and capital
Ceiling of temple; architrave (the beam that rests on the capital), frieze (a sculpted band usually with carvins inside [metope are the images and triglyph are the three barred designs in b/w representing the cut wood]) adn cornince (a crowning trim)
Sloping cornice (angled beam at the top), tympanum (triangluar part below with carvings and decoration) & antifixae/acroterion (carved features attached to the roof [antefixes are the 2D on roof edges and acroterion are the 3D on corners])
Shortest and widest, temple heavier in appearance, plain, cylindrical blocks called drums, baseless
More elegant, capital's scroll-like volutes, thinner and taller, base
Tallest, most elegant, most majestic, foliated capitals (delineated by acanthus leaf carvings), bases
Open area or porch in the front of the temple
a naos with a pronaos at either end
columns around structure
second colonnade (double peristyle)
Excellence of any kind
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