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What accounts for the ethnic variations in the development of gross motor skills
What occurs in the brain during the pruning process?
Unused neurons and misconnected dendrites shrink and die
Piaget's cognitive development period that begins at birth and ends around age 2 is called:
Stage four of sensorimotor intelligence is characterized by
new adaptation and anticipation. (p. 107)
When an apparently healthy 2-month-old baby dies in his or her sleep, he or she most likely died of
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Behaviorists believe that a mother who _________ will stimulate her child's communication skills.
A hypervigilant or emotionally flat response to stress later in life is a potential consequence of _______ in infancy
an overabundance of stress hormones (p. 91)
According to your text, early sensation appears to be organized toward which two goals?
social interaction and comfort
One-year-old Danielle watches her sister talk on a cell phone. The next day Danielle holds the cell phone to her ear as if she is using the phone. Danielle is demonstrating:
The term used to describe an infant's thought process that relies on senses and motor skills is:
Isaiah is 7 months old. His sister takes a toy and hides it behind her back. Isaiah cries and does not look for the toy. It is likely that he has not yet acquired:
Child-directed speech is
preferred by newborns over other sounds.
also called motherese.
high-pitched, simplified, and repetitive speech used by adults to infants
According to Chomsky's theory of language development, which factor predicts communication?
an innate ability
Tertiary circular reactions are characterized by:
active exploration and experimentation (p. 106, Table 3.5)
Five-year-old Marisol becomes furious after minor incidents with her peers. Her inability to deal with normal stress may be related to the _______ of stress hormones in her brain during infancy.
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