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40 terms

burger quiz 3 ch.3

STUDY
PLAY
Which sleep stage is characterized primarily by dreaming and rapid brain waves?
REM sleep
Which of the following is a gross motor skill?
crawling
What occurs when infants change from sucking their mother's breast to sucking a pacifier
adaptation
Breast-feeding reduces the risk of
cancer.
asthma.
diabetes
What accounts for the ethnic variations in the development of gross motor skills
cultural patterns
practice
genetics
At birth, the average infant weighs:
7½ pounds
What occurs in the brain during the pruning process?
Unused neurons and misconnected dendrites shrink and die
Piaget's cognitive development period that begins at birth and ends around age 2 is called:
sensorimotor intelligence.
Which of the following is a reflex that is critical for survival?
rooting
(p. 94)
Stage four of sensorimotor intelligence is characterized by
new adaptation and anticipation. (p. 107)
When an apparently healthy 2-month-old baby dies in his or her sleep, he or she most likely died of
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Shaken baby syndrome
is seen in one in five children hospitalized for maltreatment
Behaviorists believe that a mother who _________ will stimulate her child's communication skills.
gives reinforcement
A hypervigilant or emotionally flat response to stress later in life is a potential consequence of _______ in infancy
an overabundance of stress hormones (p. 91)
The typical order of spoken language development is:
reflexive, cooing, babbling, simple words.
By 24 months, most children are about ____ percent of their adult height.
50
According to your text, early sensation appears to be organized toward which two goals?
social interaction and comfort
One-year-old Danielle watches her sister talk on a cell phone. The next day Danielle holds the cell phone to her ear as if she is using the phone. Danielle is demonstrating:
deferred imitation.
The DTaP vaccine protects against:
diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis.
At birth, the brain has ____________________.
billions of neurons
Over the first few months of infancy, the amount of time spent in REM (dreaming) sleep:
decreases.
Typical 2-year-olds are already:
50 percent their adult height
The term used to describe an infant's thought process that relies on senses and motor skills is:
sensorimotor intelligence
Which of the following makes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) less likely?
breast-feeding
The average newborn's length is approximately
20 inches.
(p. 86)
Isaiah is 7 months old. His sister takes a toy and hides it behind her back. Isaiah cries and does not look for the toy. It is likely that he has not yet acquired:
object permanence.
Child-directed speech is
preferred by newborns over other sounds.
also called motherese.
high-pitched, simplified, and repetitive speech used by adults to infants
Which of the following senses is the least developed at birth
sight
According to Chomsky's theory of language development, which factor predicts communication?
an innate ability
Tertiary circular reactions are characterized by:
active exploration and experimentation (p. 106, Table 3.5)
Which of the following reflexes is seen when an infant is startled?
Moro
A formula-fed baby is more likely to ________ than a breast-fed baby
have more allergies
Large body movements, such as walking and jumping, are
gross motor skills
Which term is used to describe the process in which unused neurons die?
pruning
Which of the following may result in brain damage, coma, or death?
shaken baby syndrome
Which of the following statements about neurons is true
Most neurons are created before birth
Which term describes what occurs when the brain notices and processes a sensation?
perception
Five-year-old Marisol becomes furious after minor incidents with her peers. Her inability to deal with normal stress may be related to the _______ of stress hormones in her brain during infancy.
overproduction
The information-processing theory compares human thinking to:
computer functioning
The MMR vaccine protects against:
measles, mumps, and rubella