25 terms

Middle East Vocab

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Falaj System
An ancient system of underground water canals.
Militia
An army, or a private army of a particular fighting faction
Anarchy
Political disorder and violence; lawlessness
Embargo
A severe restriction of trade with other countries
Prophet
A person whose teachings are believed to be inspired by God
Hajj
A pilgrimage to Mecca in Islam
Monotheism
The belief in one God
Muslim
A follower of Islam
Mosque
An Islamic house of religious worship
Muezzin
An Islamic crier who calls the faithfull to prayer five times a day
Minaret
A tall, slender tower attached to a Mosque
Oasis
A place where a suply of fresh water makes it possible to support life in a dry region
Arable
Capable of being farmed, or cultivated
Mandate
A commision to the League of Nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory
Zionist
A member of a movement that promoted the establishment of an independent Jewish state
Self-Determination
The right to decide one's political future
Desalination
The process of removing salt water from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation
Infrastructure
An underlying foundation that supports basic facilities, such as roads and bridges, powerplants, and schools
Shah
The ruler of Iran
Secular
Wordly, not relating to religion
Ayatollah
A religious leader amoung the Shiite Muslims
Palestine
The former name of Israel
Empty Quarter
Largest sand desert in the world located in the Southern Arabian Peninsula
Suez Canal
Manmade canal that connect the Mediterranean to the Red Sea
Persian Gulf
Source of much of the world's oil, located between Saudi Arabia and Iran