28 terms

Unit 4: Mesopotamia

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Fertile Crescent
a lush, green quarter-moon shaped region that covers that present day countries of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and Israel
Hammurabi
Babylon's king who expanded its empire and created the first written code of law
Sargon
king of Kish; built one of the world's first empires and began a new period of history for Mesopotamia
Tigris
the river that borders the northeast of Mesopotamia
Euphrates
the river that borders the southwest of Mesopotamia
cuneiform
system of wedge-shaped writing invented in Sumer
polytheism
belief in many gods and goddesses
Mesopotamia
"the land between two rivers"
droughts
long periods of dry weather
plateau
an area of elevated flatland
Sumer
one of the first developed regions to start in Mesopotamia
scribes
trained professional writers who were greatly honored in Sumer
city state
self-governing city that also governs surrounding villages
ziggurat
large building with a temple at its peak in the center of Sumerian cities; built for religious worship
Phoenicians
famous sea-faring traders; traded wine and timber with Sumer and Egypt
codes of law
written set of laws that apply to everyone under a government
Babylon
capital of Babylonia; the ancient world's largest city
hanging gardens
a marvelous feature of the city of Babylon; one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world
Abraham
founder of Judaism who led his family from Ur to Canaan in obedience to God's command
Judaism
the monotheistic religion of the Jewish people
Moses
famous prophet who lead enslaved Israelites out of Egypt and taught them the Ten Commandments
Torah
the first five books of the Bible
monotheism
belief in only one God
The Ten Commandments
the core laws of Jewish religion and teachings
Sabbath
weekly day of rest, prayer, and study
Jerusalem
the capital of Israel; center of political and religious life
Diaspora
the scattering of the Jews to many parts of the world
Gilgamesh
mythical Sumerian hero who was part-God and had great strength and skill
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