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What does bicameral mean?

two houses

Powers the Articles of Confederation gave the National Government

Authority to conduct foreign affairs, maintain armed forces, borrow money, issue currency.

Powers the Articles of Confederation DID NOT give the National Government

Could not regulate trade between states, could not force soldiers to join the army, could not impose taxes, President had no power.

Under the Articles of Confederation, how many votes did each state get in congress?

1 vote

To pass a law under the Articles of Confederation, how many had to agree?

9 states

To change the Articles of Confederation, how many states had to agree?

All 13 states

Five Problems with the Articles of Confederation.

No set form of money, couldn't regulate trade, nearly impossiable to change the Articles of Confederation, couldn't collect taxes, no central figure.

When were the Articles of Confederation created?

November of 1777

Major names that attended the Constitutional Convention

James Madison, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin

Who is the Father of the Constitution?

James Madison

What does compromise mean?

Each sides gives up a little to come to a solution for a problem.

What is the Great Compromise?

The compromise which created our current legislative branch. Made two houses: the Senate and House of Representatives

# of Members in the House of Reps?

435 total, based on Population, 8 from Minnesota

# of Members in the Senate?

2 from each state, 100 total

Big states wanted representation to be based on ____________?


Small states wanted representation based on _________?

Equal representation, 2 from each state.

What is the 3/5th compromise?

Compromise which counted every 5 slaves as 3 people for representation in the House of Reps.

Slave states had an Advantage or Disadvantage due to the 3/5th compromise?

Advantage - would have more representatives because of it.

Name the 3 branches of our government?

Legislative, Executive, Judicial Branch

Congress is under the ____________________ branch?


The President is under the __________________ branch?


The Supreme Court is under the __________________ branch?


What is checks and balances?

Keeps one branch from becoming stronger then other ones.

What is the Bill of Rights?

Our first 10 amendments to the Constitution

What is an Amendment?

A change to the constitution of the United States

How many Amendments do we have?

27 Amendments

What is the Preamble?

The introduction to the Constitution

What is the primary job of the executive branch?

To enforce the laws

What is the primary job of the legislative branch?

To create the laws

What is the primary job of the judicial branch?

To interpret the laws

How long is the president in office?

4 years

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