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Articles of Confederation/Constitution
What does bicameral mean?
Powers the Articles of Confederation gave the National Government
Authority to conduct foreign affairs, maintain armed forces, borrow money, issue currency.
Powers the Articles of Confederation DID NOT give the National Government
Could not regulate trade between states, could not force soldiers to join the army, could not impose taxes, President had no power.
Under the Articles of Confederation, how many votes did each state get in congress?
To pass a law under the Articles of Confederation, how many had to agree?
To change the Articles of Confederation, how many states had to agree?
All 13 states
Five Problems with the Articles of Confederation.
No set form of money, couldn't regulate trade, nearly impossiable to change the Articles of Confederation, couldn't collect taxes, no central figure.
When were the Articles of Confederation created?
November of 1777
Major names that attended the Constitutional Convention
James Madison, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin
Who is the Father of the Constitution?
What does compromise mean?
Each sides gives up a little to come to a solution for a problem.
What is the Great Compromise?
The compromise which created our current legislative branch. Made two houses: the Senate and House of Representatives
# of Members in the House of Reps?
435 total, based on Population, 8 from Minnesota
# of Members in the Senate?
2 from each state, 100 total
Big states wanted representation to be based on ____________?
Small states wanted representation based on _________?
Equal representation, 2 from each state.
What is the 3/5th compromise?
Compromise which counted every 5 slaves as 3 people for representation in the House of Reps.
Slave states had an Advantage or Disadvantage due to the 3/5th compromise?
Advantage - would have more representatives because of it.
Name the 3 branches of our government?
Legislative, Executive, Judicial Branch
Congress is under the ____________________ branch?
The President is under the __________________ branch?
The Supreme Court is under the __________________ branch?
What is checks and balances?
Keeps one branch from becoming stronger then other ones.
What is the Bill of Rights?
Our first 10 amendments to the Constitution
What is an Amendment?
A change to the constitution of the United States
How many Amendments do we have?
What is the Preamble?
The introduction to the Constitution
What is the primary job of the executive branch?
To enforce the laws
What is the primary job of the legislative branch?
To create the laws
What is the primary job of the judicial branch?
To interpret the laws
How long is the president in office?