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211 terms

Medical Abbreviations and Symbols List

Phlebotomy, Miami Jacobs Career College, Independence OH,
STUDY
PLAY
a (with line over a)
before
ac
before meals
abd
abdomen
AD
Alzheimer's disease; right ear
ad lib
as desired
AKA
above the knee amputation
amb
ambulation (walk)
ama, AMA
against medical advice, American Medical Assoc.
AMI
acute myocardial infarction
ANS
autonomic nervous system
appt
appointment
ARDS
adult respiratory distress
AROM
active range of motion
AS
left ear; aortic stenosis
AVR
aortic valve replacement
AV
atrioventricular (heart)
ASAP
as soon as possible
ASHD
arterisosclerotic heart disease
BID, bid
twice in the day
BKA
below knee amputation
BM
bowel movemnet
BP
blood pressure
BPH
benign prostatic hypertrophy (enlarged protate gland)
BR or br
bath room
BSC
bed side commode, a "portable potty chair"
BUN
blood urea nitrogen (a lab test)
Bx or BX
biopsy
c (with line over c)
with
c/o
complaints of
C1, C2
refers to cervical vertebra #1, #2, a location in the spine
Ca, CA
cancer
caps
capsule with medication in it
CAD
coronary artery disease (heart disease)
cath
catheter (a tube used to drain out body fluid)
CABG
coronary arterial bypass graft
CBC
complete blood count (a blood test)
CC
chief complaint; cardiac catherteriztion
CCU
coronary heart disease
CHF
congestive heart failue
CNS
central nervous system
cont.
continued
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CO2
carbon dioxide
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR
chest xray
CRF
chronic renal failure (kidney failure)
CVA
cerebral vascular accident
CVD
cardiovascular disease
cysto
cystoscopy
/d
per day
DC or D/C
discharge
dc
discontinue
decub
decubitus ulcer (pressure sore, bedsore)
DJD
degenerative joint disease (osteoarthritis)
DM
diabetes mellitus (diabetes)
DOA
date of admission; dead on arrival
Dx
date of birth
drsg
dressing
DSD
dry sterile dressing
DT, DTs
delirium tremens (the shakes from alcohol withdrawl
ECG, EKG
electrocardiogram
EEG
electroencephalogram (measurement of electric brain activity)
e.g.
example
ENT
ears, nose, throat
ERT
estrogen replacement therapy
est, EST
estimate; electroshock therapy
ETOH
ethanol (alcohol)
FBS
fasting blood sugar (a lab test)
F/U FU
follow up
FUO
fever of unknown origin
Fx
fracture
G tube
gastric tube (a tube in the stomach)
GB
gall bladder
GBS
gall baldder series ( a type of xray of the gut)
GC
gonorrhea
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease ( a severe recurrent heartburn disorder)
GU
genitourinary
gtts
drops
gyn
gynecology
hgb, hct
hemoglobin, hematocrit, (both are blood cell measurements)
HHA
home helath agency; or home health aide
H2O
water
HS, hs
hour of sleep, or at bedtime
ht
height
Hx hx
history
I & O
intake and output (amount of fluid taken in and urine output intermediate care facility
ICF
intermediate care facility
ICU
intensive care unit
ID
incision and drainage (when a scalpel is used to cut and drain a boil
IDDM
insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IM
intramuscular
inj
injection
IV
intravenous
IVP
intravenous pyelogram (a type of xray of the kidneys and bladder
L lft lt
left
L1, L2, L3
refers to th lumbar section of the spine
lab
laboratory
liq
liquid
LLQ
left lower quandrant
LP
lumbar punctue (spinal lab)
LPN
licensed practical nurse
LRQ
lower right quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
LV
left ventricle
max
maximum
meds
medications
MI
myocardial infarction (heart attack)
mod
moderate
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
MS
mitral stenosis; multiple sclerosis; musculoskeletal
MVR
mitral valve replacement
N/C
no complaints
NG, NGT
nasogastric (tube)
NIDDM
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
noc
night
norm
normal
NPO
nothing by mouth
NSAID
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
nsg
nursing
OA
osteoarthritis
OBS
organic brain syndrome
occ
occasional
OD
right eye; overdose
OOB
out of bed
OS
left eye
OU
both eyes
orth, ortho
orthopedic
os
bone; opening; mouth
OV
office visit
O2
oxygen
p (with line over it)
after
P
pulse
PA
physician assistant
Pap
pap smear (a lab test)
path
pathology
pc, p.c.
after meals
PDR
physician's desk reference (a drug book)
PE pe
physical exam
prn, p.r.n.
as needed or required
PROM
passive range of motion
PO po
my mouth
pt
patient
PVC
premature ventricular contraction
PVD
peripheral vascular disease
ph pH
hydrogen ion concetration (a measure of the acidity of a substance)
q
every
qam
every am
qd
every day
qod
every other day
qh
every hour
q2h, q3h, q4h
every 2 hours, every 3 hours, every 4 hours
qhs
every night (hour sleep)
qid
4x's a day
quad
quadriplegic (arms and legs paralyzed)
R, rt
right
RA
right atrium
re:
about or regarding
rbc, RBC
red blood cell
reg
regular
resp
respiration or breaths
RLQ
right lower quandrant
RN
registered nurse
R/O, r/o
rule out
ROM
range of motion
RUQ
right upper quadrant
RV
right ventricle
Rx, RX
treatment
s (with line above s)
without
SA
sinoartial node
sl
sublingual meaning under the tongue
sm
small
SOB
short of breath
S/P, s/p
status post (status post an "event", s/p MI, s/p CVA, s/p GI bleed)
spec
speciment
spec grav, sp gr
specific gravity (urine test)
s & s, s/s
signs and symptoms
staph
staphylococcus
stat
immediately
STD
sexually transmitted disease
strep
streptococcus
subq, subc
subcutaneous
symp, Sx
symptom
T
temperature
T1, T2, T3
refers to thethoracic sectin of the spine
tab
tablet, a tablet of medicatin, a round pill
TB
tuberculosis
THR
total hip replacement
TIA
transient ischemic attack
tid
three times a day
TKR
total knee replacement
T/O, t/o
telephone order
TPR
temperature, pluse, respiration (the measurement of these 3 things)
tsp
teaspoon measurement
TUR, TURP
transurethral resection (prostate galnd surgery in men)
Tx
treatment
U/A, u/a
urine analysis
URI
upper respiratory infection
UTI
urinary tract infection
VD
verneral disease
VO, v/o
verbal order
vs, VS, v/s
vital signs (temperature, pulse and respiration measurements)
WBC, wbc
white blood cell
W/C
wheel chair
WNL
within normal limits
w/o
without
wt
weight
w/u
work up
x
times
y/o
years old
yr
year
ADL
activites of daily living