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Ch 1-6 The Creative Spirit

UT Dallas DRAM 1310
STUDY
PLAY
Dramatic rituals help us __________.

A) Preserve a way of life
B) Act out community stories
C) Reinforce community values
D) All of these
D) All of these
What makes theater such a potent social force?

A) The entertaining stories that it tells
B) Its ability to reach a massive number of audience members
C) Its collective and public nature
D) The ease in which a person can put on a play
C) Its collective and public nature
Which of the following is true of the theater?

A) It can evoke a collective emotional response
B) It can generate and focus collective anger or outrage
C) It can contribute to the stability of a community and reinforce the status quo
D) All of these
D) All of these
The essential difference between the ancient Greek theatre and the medieval theatre is that __________________.

A) Greek theatre focused on the place of human beings in the universe whereas the medieval theatre sought to affirm religious beliefs
B) People wore masks only in the medieval theatre
C) Plays were put on by community members only in the ancient Greek theatre
D) Performances were held outdoors only in the ancient Greek theatre
A) Greek theatre focused on the place of human beings in the universe whereas the medieval theatre sought to affirm religious beliefs
As theatre in Greece began, Greek plays were associated with festivals to honor this God.

A) Eurip
B) Dionysus
C) Sophocles
D) Medea
B) Dionysus
What are theatrical conventions?

A) Elements of dramatic construction and performance that facilitate the presentation of plays
B) Events where theatre professionals gather to discuss their work
C) Plays which are preformed so often they are now considered part of the culture
D) Guidelines that an architect must follow when building a theatre
A) Elements of dramatic construction and performance that facilitate the presentation of plays
Which of the following was typical of ancient Greek theatre?

A) Both men and women performed as actors
B) The actors always wore masks
C) There was a lot of violence performed onstage
D) Plays depicted religious struggles
B) The actors always wore masks
Some theatre historians think tragedy began when one member of a Greek chorus began a dialogue with the rest of the chorus. Who was this first speaker?

A) Clytemnestra
B) Oedipus
C) Plato
D) Thespis
D) Thespis
One example of religious theatre in Western Europe during the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries was __________.

A) The Reformation
B) The Crusades
C) Mystery cycles
D) Pageant wagons
C) Mystery cycles
Plays performed as part of the medieval religious festivals did which of the following?

A) Reinforced people's faith by allowing them to identify with Christ's suffering and triumph
B) Served the interests of the ruling classes and the Catholic Church by reinforcing the social organization of the time
C) Both of these
D) None of these
C) Both of these
Greek Theatre of Athens
Fifth Century
Greek tragedies intricately bound to the religious as well as the political life of the community.
Originally developed during festivals to honor Dionysus - Greek God of life force.
Transformation of actors concerned with issues of social and religious order
transformation of nature to sustain human existence
examined relationships necessary to sustain human existence
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Unlike the ancient Greek or medieval theatres, the actors in the Elizabethan theatre and the Beijing Opera were __________.
A) Untrained
B) Comprised of both men and women
C) Professional actors
D) Not the focus of a production
C) Professional actors
One of the major focuses of the Elizabethan theatre was?
A) The internal struggles of the characters
B) The power struggles between kings
C) The organization of the family
D) Both A and B
D) Both A and B
In addition to Shakespeare, which of the following playwrights also wrote for the Elizabethan theatre?
A) Christopher Marlow and Ben Johnson
B) Pierre Corneille and Jean-Paul Sartre
C) Arthur Miller and Eugene O'Neill
D) August Wilson and Tom Stoppard
A) Christopher Marlow and Ben Johnson
Which of the following statements is true about William Shakespeare?
A) He never worked as an actor
B) Most of his plays were adaptations from other sources, including other plays
C) His plays focus on political upheaval rather than on the personal experiences of the characters
D) None of these
B) Most of his plays were adaptations from other sources, including other plays
Shakespeare's theatre was called the _____________?
A) King's Playhouse
B) Queen's Theatre
C) Globe
D) Rose
C) Globe
To make the audience understand where particular scenes took place, Shakespeare used _____________ in his plays.
A) Elaborate theatrical sets that were made to resemble specific locations
B) The language of his characters to described the setting
C) Painted signs that told the audience where the scene took place
D) All of these
B) The language of his characters to described the setting
One of the major focuses of the traditional Beijing Opera is?
A) The organization of the family
B) The power struggles between kings
C) Political propaganda
D) The relationship between the individual and the gods
A) The organization of the family
The four kinds of roles in the Beijing Opera are ______________.
A) Speaking, Singing, Dancing, and Miming
B) Comic, Tragic, Tragicomic, and Farcical
C) Old Male, Young Male, Old Female, and Young Female
D) Male, Female, Painted-face, and Comic
D) Male, Female, Painted-face, and Comic
Supernatural characters are represented in the Beijing Opera by ______________.
A) Puppets
B) Music and Sound Effects
C) Actors in elaborate face paint
D) There are no supernatural characters in the Beijing Opera.
C) Actors in elaborate face paint
Unlike Western theatre, the Beijing Opera relies primarily on ________________.
A) Language
B) Gesture
C) Audience participation
D) All of these
B) Gesture
How many plays did August Wilson write that comprise the cycle of plays chronicling African American life in the United States?
A) four
B) five
C) eight
D) ten
D) ten
The oral and musical rendering of the history and texture of black American life make up which of the following art forms?
A) Kabuki
B) the blues
C) Dadaism
D) Musical Theatre
B) the blues
What is "peonage?"
A) a kind of African work song
B) a traditional African dance involving the whole community
C) a system where white employers claimed that their black workers owed them money and insisted that they work to pay it back
D) the word for a black slave
C) a system where white employers claimed that their black workers owed them money and insisted that they work to pay it back
In whose work did August Wilson say he "found himself?"
A) Sam Cook and Aretha Franklin
B) Shakespeare and Aeschylus
C) Bessie Smith and Romare Bearden
D) Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X
C) Bessie Smith and Romare Bearden
Where did Wilson get the idea for the boarding house in JOE TURNER'S COME AND GONE?
A) "Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out" by Bessie Smith
B) Light at Two Lights by Edward Hopper
C) "Mill Hand's Lunch Bucket" by Romare Bearden
D) Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech
C) "Mill Hand's Lunch Bucket" by Romare Bearden
Who was the actual Joe Turner?
A) the brother of a Tennessee governor
B) a folk blues singer
C) a jazz musician
D) a local politician in Wilson's hometown
A) the brother of a Tennessee governor
What do Seth and Bertha Holly do?
A) They clean houses
B) They are slaves on a plantation
C) They don't work
D) They run a boardinghouse
D) They run a boardinghouse
What does Harold Loomis do at the end of JOE TURNER'S COME AND GONE?
A) he finds his wife and they live happily ever after together
B) he gives his daughter over to his wife and cuts himself with a knife
C) he leaves the boardinghouse just before his wife arrives and never s
D) he dies
B) he gives his daughter over to his wife and cuts himself with a knife
What does the metaphor of the road stand for in JOE TURNER'S COME AND GONE?
A) freedom of movement and the end of slaver
B) connecting people to new opportunities and new ways of life
C) the search to find oneself
D) all of these
D) all of these
What is the central action of the play, JOE TURNER'S COME AND GONE?
A) Herald Loomis searches for his lost wife
B) Herald Loomis searches for himself and finds his song
C) Herald Loomis escapes from Joe Turner
D) Seth and Bertha strive to welcome and shelter those who've been on the road
B) Herald Loomis searches for himself and finds his song
The creation of a stage production is __________ and ___________ art.
A) an easy and rewarding
B) a difficult and individual
C) an interpretive and collaborative
D) an easy and collaborative
C) an interpretive and collaborative
What do we call a number of plays produced at the same time and performed on a rotating basis?
A) a repertory
B) a trilogy
C) Summer Stock
D) a menagerie
A) a repertory
What is the physical action of a theatre performance called?
A) catharsis
B) repertory
C) blocking
D) movement
C) blocking
One of the main functions of the set, costume and lighting design is which of the following?
A) to spend the production budget
B) to make what is happening on stage as true-to-life as possible
C) to please the audience
D) to build visual metaphors
D) to build visual metaphors
What is the power of the Theatre?
The theatre not only mirrors the roles human beings take in their respective societies but also plays an important part in changing the way we see ourselves.
Reflects religious belief, social organization and issues of concern to the community
questions relationships of race and gender
The Actor's Triple Existence
1. Present in his own person
2. Creates a character who has his own boundaries separate from those of the actor's own person
3. View from the audience's perspective to make adjustments.
The Actor's Craft
The vitality and talent of the actor are contained and shaped through the development of technique
Vocal and Physical Technique
Some intangibles that arise by immersion
Ensemble
A group of actors that come together to complement each other.
Repertory
Several plays performing at once.
Purpose of Rehearsal
To provide the foundation for performance
Bill Irwin
Actor of stage and screen
One man shows - particular significance in the world today
Ann Deavere Smith
Actor of stage and screen
well known playwright and actor
a. Started with Rodney King incident - Twilight LA
b. Takes on many characters - One woman show
Neil Marcus
Paraplegic Actor
Francis Mc Dormand
Stage - Good People
Film - Fargo
What are the three necessary ingredients of the theatre?
A) the actor, a theatre space, and the audience
B) the actor, the director, and the audience
C) the actor, the director, and the designers
D) the actor, the designers, and the audience
A) the actor, a theatre space, and the audience
Which of the following can be described as the actor's existence onstage?
A) the actor is present as his or her own person
B) the actor creates a character that has his or her own boundaries separate from the actor's own person
C) the actor maintains a critical facility that allows them to view their performance from the audience's perspective and adjust their performance as necessary
D) all of these
D) all of these
What is the purpose of the audition?
A) to determine which actors will work well together in an ensemble
B) to judge how an actor's talents will suit the needs of the show
C) to allow the director and casting director an opportunity to see how different actors may fill a certain role
D) all of these
D) all of these
Why might a director ask an actor to do a "cold reading" at an audition?
A) to see if they were familiar with the chosen play
B) to make the actor uncomfortable and see how well they work under pressure
C) to judge the intelligence of the actor
D) because it is faster then letting them perform a prepared monologue
C) to judge the intelligence of the actor
According to The Creative Spirit, in order for a production to have vitality and originality, the rehearsal process must be a time of _________________.
A) hard work
B) exploration
C) strict adherence to the director's vision
D) all of these
B) exploration
What is a useful rehearsal method for enhancing belief and creative imaginative actions?
A) Presence
B) Blocking
C) Kuroko
D) Improvisation
D) Improvisation
What acting approach involves identifying as closely as possible with the character one is playing?
A) the Stanislavsky approach
B) internal acting approach
C) external acting approach
D) both A and B
B) internal acting approach
What is "subtext?"
A) a method of choosing actors for roles in a play that relies on generalizations of what characters should look like
B) thoughts that occur behind or between the character's lines but go unspoken
C) a dramatic genre in which the perspective shifts between serious and comic perspectives
D) the process of exploration and repetition used to prepare a play for public presentation
B) thoughts that occur behind or between the character's lines but go unspoken
This acting approach deals with conscious choices about how language is spoken, which physical details to emphasize, and how emotional content is going to be expressed.
A) the internal acting approach
B) the Stanislavsky approach
C) the external acting approach
D) the gestural acting approach
C) the external acting approach
The main difference between the acting one does on stage versus the acting one does in a film is usually described in terms of __________________.
A) scale
B) money
C) recognition
D) time commitment
A) scale
Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
George II of Saxe-Meiningen, leader of a small duchy later to become germany.
Meningen Court Thaeatre
Took role of director determined to reclaim teh theatre from haphazard production practices and excesses of popular leading actors indulged by a star system in which all elements of a production were dedicated to showing off their talents.
Konstantin Stanislavsky
Most famous director in the realism period
Psychological approach
Came up with a form of acting called the Method.
Detail of objects and set helps actor immersion
Later let actors help in the process
Defined the position of the director as one who interprets the play wrights creation
Internal aproach
Peter Brook
Realism
bold interpretations of classical works and highly original new pieces
stresses the importance of spontaneity in the rehearsal process
Fourth Wall
Imaginary barrier between the actors and the audience
Jerzy Grotowski
Visionary Director - Polish
Reform actor through external approach - expressive power
Text part of production but not dominating force
strippped down basic materials that could support the actor's work
Myal Hall
McCarthy Era playwright concerned with the communist scare in the theatre industry.
Four Directing Models
1. Director works in partnership with the playwrights and actors
i. Saxe-Meiningen, Stanislavsky
2. Using text or creating a text to support their own visions
i. Grotowski, Ping Chong and Robert Wilson
3.Director guides the work of a theatre collective. Devised work
i. Elizabeth LeCompte
4. Playwrights who direct their own work. Not finished until the wrighter has directed the first production.
i. Adam Rapp
Metaphor
A way of expressing the most compelling ideas of the play in a concentrated form that will become a guide for the work of all the theatre artists involved in the production
Collaboration: Initiated by the director, dependent on collaboration with the designers.
Typecasting
Selection of certain actors because they have a certain physical appearance and personality
Non Traditional Casting
color blind casting
Ex. different members of the same family are of different races.
Stage Picture
The arrangements of actors on stage to communicate character relationships
Before the official position of the director was established, who often oversaw the coordination of a production and the placement of the actors on stage?
A) the stage manager
B) the playwright
C) the producer
D) no one
B) the playwright
When did the official position of the director come into being?
A) the 16th century
B) the 17th century
C) the 18th century
D) the 19th century
D) the 19th century
What need did the creation of the director fulfill?
A) an interest in a more detailed, and therefore complicated, representation of place and character history
B) the movement toward realism as an artistic model
C) Both of these
D) None of these
C) Both of these
Who is credited as the first modern director?
A) George II
B) Konstantin Stanislavsky
C) Anton Chekhov
D) Jerzy Grotowski
A) George II
What is the "spine" of a play?
A) The central action or idea that brings the rest of the play's plot and character action together
B) the lead actor's journey throughout the play
C) the director's vision for the production
D) the term given to the directorial process
A) The central action or idea that brings the rest of the play's plot and character action together
Name the famous director who is known for his psychological approach to character development.
A) Shakespeare
B) Francis Ford Coppola
C) Konstantin Stanislavsky
D) The Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
C) Konstantin Stanislavsky
Name the famous director who is known for his physical approach to actor training.
A) Jerzy Grotowski
B) Robert Wilson
C) Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
D) Konstantin Stanislavsky
A) Jerzy Grotowski
Which of the following are the director's responsibilities?
A) choosing the play to direct and casting the actors
B) creating a metaphor for the production and collaborating with designers
C) creating an atmosphere that is conducive to creative work and rehearsing the scenes
D) All of these
D) All of these
The selection of certain actors because they have a certain type of physical appearance and personality is called what?
A) non-traditional casting
B) Method acting
C) Typecasting
D) Gestural acting
C) Typecasting
What is another name for "non-traditional" casting?
A) typecasting
B) color-blind casting
C) total theatre
D) concept casting
B) color-blind casting
The arrangement of actors onstage to communicate character relationships is called __________.
A) stage picture
B) theatre in the round
C) proscenium theatre
D) performance theatre
A) stage picture
The sequence of changes that defines character development is called __________.
A) drama
B) cues
C) progression
D) ensemble
C) progression
Theatrical Space
The nature and relationship between the audience and the stage.
Proscenium
A theatre constructed in a rectangular form with the stage at one end of the rectangle.
Proscenium Arch
Frames the audience's view of the stage
Masks the mechanics of the backstage operations
Defines clearly the theatrical space
particularly suited for realism
Thrust Stage
Three sided stage
extends into the audience
Arena Staging
Also called Theatre in the round
Audience sits around the entire stage
Black Box
Spaces that can be arranged differently depending on the needs of the specific production
light Plot
Designates the placement of all the lighting instruments hung at various positions in the theatre.
What is a rectangular theatre with the stage at one end of the rectangle called?
A) thrust stage
B) a proscenium or end stage
C) multilevel stage
D) arena stage
B) a proscenium or end stage
What is a theatre space in which the audience is placed on three sides of the stage called?
A) thrust stage
B) a proscenium or end stage
C) multilevel stage
D) arena stage
A) thrust stage
What is a round or square stage completely surrounded by the audience called?
A) thrust stage
B) a proscenium or end stage
C) multilevel stage
D) arena stage
D) arena stage
What is a flexible theatre space called in which the stage space and the configuration of the audience space can be changed from production to production?
A) poor theatre
B) total theatre
C) black box
D) theatre in the round
C) black box
What difficulty might a set designer working in theatre in the round experience?
A) set pieces cannot be very tall or must be transparent
B) set pieces need to be finished on all sides
C) Both of these
D) None of these
C) Both of these
Which of the following is not true regarding designers work in the theatre?
A) Most designers have talents that are shared with other visual arts
B) They are interpretive artists whose creativity must be used to shape the world of the play
C) A designer's work stands alone and separate onstage from the other design areas and the acting
D) Each designer must interpret the ideas of the plays with materials just as the actors shape ideas with their voices and bodies
C) A designer's work stands alone and separate onstage from the other design areas and the acting
What designer aids actors the most in helping them discover the psychology of character?
A) The set designer
B) The costume designer
C) The lighting designer
D) The sound designer
B) The costume designer
Which design area is credited with moving the theatre into the "modern era?"
A) Set design
B) Lighting design
C) Costume design
D) None of these
B) Lighting design
What is Adolphe Appia known for?
A) designing a terrain
B) designing the first ground plan
C) designing the light board
D) designing the glory
A) designing a terrain
During a performance, who is responsible for making sure all the light cues are "called" on time?
A) The director
B) The lighting designer
C) The stage manager
D) The light board operator
C) The stage manager
What are sound effects that may be live or recorded that contribute to the interpretation of the play called?
A) gobos
B) amplification
C) environmental sound
D) sound reinforcement
C) environmental sound
Unlike the actors and director, most of the designer's work is done ______________.
A) without any collaboration
B) before the rehearsal process begins
C) during technical rehearsals
D) in the actual theatre space
B) before the rehearsal process begins