American History Chapter 18 Guided Readings
Terms in this set (19)
Cause: Soviet Action: Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, refused free elections in Eastern Europe and set up satellite nations.
Effects: US Action: 1. containment
2. Truman Doctrine
Cause: Soviet Action: Soviets blockaded Berlin for almost a year.
Effects: US Action: 3. Berlin airlift
Which side did the US support and why?
Civil War In China: nationalists, fighting communists
Civil War in Korea: South Korea, democratic
What did the US do to effect the outcome of the war?
Civil War In China: send aid to nationalists, negotiation
Civil War in Korea: sent troops, naval forces, went to war
What was the outcome of the war?
Civil War In China: Communists won, nationalists went to Taiwan
Civil War in Korea: Korea split into North and South Korea
How did the American public react to that outcome and why?
Civil War In China: Americans were shocked that China had turned communist
Civil War in Korea: scared of communists, rejected the democratic party leading to the selection of Eisenhower
The Hollywood Ten
A.) Accused of being communist, giving movie goers communist propaganda.
B.) They did not testify, imprisoned, reputation ruined.
C.) No, little evidence.
A.) spying for the Soviet Union
B.) lied about passing government documents
C.) yes, because of the evidence that was provided, he would have been sent to jail anyway.
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
A.) minor activists, in the American Communist Party
B.) guilty of espionage and sentenced to death
C.) yes, there was evidence of their involvement
What seems to have motivated McCarthyism?
taking advantage of people's concern about communism
Why did McCarthyism succeed at first?
McCarthy fed on the public's fears and gave them the impression that he was purging the nation of very dangerous, and seemingly very real, commie menace.
Why did McCarthyism fall out of favor?
McCarthy made accusations against the US army and he was condemned by the Senate for improper conduct.
The Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb in 1949.
fear, lost advantage, H-bomb developement
In 1951, the Iranian prime minister placed the oil industry in Iran under the Iranian government's control.
CIA action; replace Iranian government with a more favorable to the west
The Guatemalan head of government gave American owned land in Guatemala to peasants.
CIA action; replace Guatemalan government with a more favorable to the west
In 1956, Britain, France, and Israel invaded Egypt and occupied the Suez Canal.
shock; UN action to end crisis; withdraw troops
Soviet tanks invaded Hungary and fired on protesters in 1956.
protested invasion did little to help
in 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik.
shock; US felt vulnerable to Soviet Union and possible attack; improve education in science
In 1960, the Soviet Union brought down an American U-2 piloted by Francis Gary Powers.
lied about its purpose; admitted guilt to save summit