What is Islam?
Terms in this set (15)
A monotheistic religion practiced by more than one billion Muslims around the world. "Islam" comes from the Arabic word for surrender. The most essential teachings of Islam are known as the Five Pillars of Islam
A follower of Islam
A word that means "the God" in Arabic
Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina in 622, which marks the beginning of the Islamic calender
The founder of Islam was a man named Muhammad. Muslims believe that Muhammad was a prophet, a religious teacher, who received the word of God.
The Five Pillars of Islam
The most essential teachings of Islam are known as the Five Pillars of Islam. They are: 1. shahadah 2. salah 3. zakah 4. sawm 5. hajj
A statement, recited by Muslims, that states the fundamental belief of Islam.
Daily prayers of Muslims, said five times a day.
Charity, including almsgiving performed by Muslims
Fasting, going without food. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset.
A journey or pilgrimage to Mecca
A collection of religious laws and duties that is taken from Muslim writings including the Qur'an and the Hadith
The written record of Muhammad's sayings and actions
A shrine in Mecca, and one of the holiest places according to the Islamic faith
The holy writings of Islam, which Muslims believe to be the word of God. It is written in the Arabic language
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