What factors affect nutritional needs for different individuals?
Age, sex, weight, physical activity, and body type.
What is the USDA food pyramid?
The USDA food pyramid is a guideline for foods in food groups that individuals should consume daily.
What are macronutrients?
Macronutrients are the three basic food groups:proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
What are proteins?
Proteins are chains of amino acids that are used by every cell of the body to make other usable proteins, including muscle tissue, blood, enzymes, keratin that is present in the skin, nails, and hair, collage, and antibodies for the immune system.
Nonessential amino acids
Eleven amino acids that can be synthetized by the body and do not have to be in our diet.
Essential amino acids
Acids that must be in our daily diet because they can't be synthesized by the human body.
Combinations of two incomplete proteins that provide all the essential amino acids and make a complete protein.
What are carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates break down the basic chemical sugars that supply energy for the body.
What role does glucose play in the body?
Glucose provides the body with energy, stored in the muscles, and is broken down to provide the energy needed for muscles to work.
The substance that provides energy to cell, converts oxygen to carbon dioxide.
What are starches?
Complex carbohydrates present in vegetables and grains, cerals, breads, and other flour products, potatoes, rice, legumes, beans, and pasta.
What is fiber?
Fiber is made up of cellulose, which is not digested by the humans and is important in helping push wastes out of the colon.
Which foods are high in fiber?
Grains, brans (oat and wheat) whole grain breads, beans, apples, and vegetables such as carrots and corn.
What is hypoglycemia?
When blood glucose or blood sugar drops to low without adequate carbohydrates. Anxiety, fatigue, and food cravings.
What formula determines how much water you should ingest a day?
Take your body weight and divide by 2. Divide that number by 8.
What is vitamin D's main function?
Enables the body to properly absorb and use calcium, the element needed for proper bone development and maintenance.
How does the body absorb vitamin D?
The skin synthesizes vitamin D from cholestrol when exposed to sunlight.