What is extinction?
Extinction is the process in which a previously reinforced behavior is no longer followed by the reinforcing consequences. It is not a punishment procedure.
Example of behavior maintained by poisitve reinforcement
Hitting self=attention from parent
Intervention= The R+ is no longer provided..behavior decreases.
Example of behavior maintained by negative reinforcement
hitting self= espcape from chores.
Intervention= removal of the aversive stimulus no longer occures for innapropriate behavior- behavior decreases
Example of behavior maintained by auto R+
Hitting self = auto R+...intervention- dampen or removing sensory consquence. wearing helmet
Extinction burst is...
When a behavior is no longer reinforced, the behavior temporarily increases in frequency, duration, or intensity before decreasing. Novel resoponses may also occur.
Using extinction properly means...
Withold all reinforcers mainting the problem behavior, withold reinforcement consistently , combine extinction with other procedures (dro and dro), include signficant others in intervention, use instructions.
The process in which a behavior is weakend by the immediate consquence that follows its occurance.
Punisher- the consequence which weakens an operant behavior.
Occurs when an aversive stimulus is presented immeditaely following the occurence of a behavior and results ina decrease in future occurrences of the behavior.
Negative punishment involves the termination or removal of an already present stimulus immediately following the occurence of a behavior that results in a decrease in the future frequency of that behavior ie. response cost
The student is required to engage in an effortful behavior for an extended period contingent on each instance of the problematic behavior.
1. positive practice- practice correct forms of behavior
2. resistution- must restore environment