Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Terms in this set (63)
social class made up of French clergy
the French middle class
a land tax that hurt the third estate most
the French parliament
name taken by the third estate with the promise to draft a new constitution
what caused social unrest in France?
The French court spent so much money that the people did not respect the king
many aristocrats and members of the bourgeoisie were attracted to __, some of which criticized France's absolutist system
one economic cause of the French Revolution was an increase in prices, which
left people unable to purchase essential goods, such as food
why did the peasants' fear of foreign invasion help bring down the French government?
the peasants were afraid that foreign troops would support the monarchy, whose policies were causing their food shortages
a sudden overthrow of the government
the political club that was most influential in passing the decree to condemn Louis XVI
a person qualified to vote in an election
policies of the Committee of Public Safety to defend France from domestic threats
Reign of Terror
executive under the Constitution of 1795
what were the key functions of the newly elected National Convention?
it drafted a new constitution and served as the governing body
which countries formed a coalition against France after the execution of Louis XVI?
Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal, Britain, and the Dutch Republic
under Robespierre, the convention pursued a policy of de-Christianization because its members believed?
religion encouraged superstition rather than the use of reason
The Reign of Terror set up revolutionary courts to persecute
counterrevolutionaries and traitors
Countries defeated by napoleon and forced to join his struggle against Britain
Unique cultural identity of a people
Napoleon's new government after 1799
Kingdoms ruled by Napoleon's relatives
Napoleon's unified system of government
During most of the French Revolution Napoleon was
Serving in the French military
Napoleon's agreement with the Catholic Church
Recognized Catholicism as the majority religion of France
Napoleon's civil code treated women
As less equal than men
Promotion within Napoleon's new bureaucracy was
Based on ability only not rank or birth
What is true about Napoleon
Napoleon set out to conquer Egypt but ended up abandoning his troops
Most famous pro-revolutionary club
Fierce supporters of the revolution who did not wear knee britches
Spokesman of the Committee of Public Safety whose arrest and execution ended the reign of the Terror
General who was appointed First Consul
Led the Conspiracy of Equals which called for a redistribution of property for all?
Francois Noel Babeuf
What term means a person who left his home country?
What term is used by historians to refer to describe a reactionary movement in a revolution where a radical region is replaced by a more conservative one?
Under what government did the Reign of Terror occur?
What was not an action taken by the National Constituent Assembly that made France the most democratic nation in Europe by 1791?
Enacted law of suspects
Most influential leader at congress of Vienna
Klemens Von Metternich
Unique cultural identity of a people
Led British and Prussian armies' defeat of Napoleon
Duke of Wellington
Belief in tradition and social stability
Belief that people should be free from government restraint
The Russians defeated Napoleon's Grand Army by
Retreating hundreds of miles and burning their own countrysides and villages
Napoleon's empire collapsed because of
The coalition of other European states and the force of nationalism
The arrangements at the Congress of Vienna
Were a victory for those who believed in conservatism
According to the principles of intervention
The great powers had the right to send armies into countries under revolution to restore legitimate monarchs
How did the Convention make France the most Democratic nation in the world by 1791?
it established universal make sufferage
what French government included a bicameral legislature that selected an executive body of 5 members?
who led the Girondists calling for war in January 1792
Jacque Pierre Brissot
King Louis XVI was executed by the __ with some __ ___ influence.
which 3 countries declared war on France as a result of the execution of King Louis XVI?
Spain, Great Britain, and the Dutch Republic
what did Maximilian Robespierre campaign for with the Cult of Supreme Being?
3 political ideas lasting impact
Law of Maximilian (set max food price, military draft) reorganizing divisions (people elected officials), creating national guard, reforming judicial system, unicameral legislature
2 examples did not live up to ideals
the Terrror, Law of Suspects
what was an active citizen?
a man over 25 who paid a certain amount of taxes.
3 ways the National Constituent Assembly reformed the Catholic Church
church land belonged to nation/ sold, church reorganize government, civil constitution of clergy
what was counter revolutionary?
someone who wants to reverse the results of a revolution
how did the flight to Varennes change the people's attitude towards the king?
the people retained no affection for the king and began to call for a republic
what were the reasons for the September massacres?
to eliminate enemies and prevent uprisings
why did the Convention establish the Committee for Public Safety
to help guide the government
set maximum prices of food and established a military draft
law of maximilian
limited judicial protection of those accused of a crime and expanded definition of political crime
law of suspects
what was the purpose of the terror
to use fear/ violence to get desired results
Recommended textbook explanations
Holt McDougal World History
World History Human Legacy
Peter Stearns, Sam Wineburg, Susan Elizabeth Ramirez
World History Patterns of Interaction
Dahia Ibo Shabaka, Larry S. Krieger, Linda Black, Phillip C. Naylor, Roger B. Beck
Anthony Esler, Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis
This set is often in folders with...
ch. 8 study guide ss
French Revolution part 1-2 and lessons 1-2
part 3 and lessons 3-4
The French Revolution and Napoleon Guided Reading
You might also like...
World History Chapter 22 Quizzes
Chapter 9: World History
Chapter 9 World History
Other sets by this creator
micro chapters 24/25 tophat review questions
microbio chapter 7 notes
microbio chapters 24/25 mastering homework
microbio chapter 7 vocab
Other Quizlet sets
Ch. 5 Homework
Geography exam 2
Lives of Stars
Pesticide Certification Exam