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Composers created the earliest polyphonic works by discarding all of the old Gregorian chants & composing all new material, true or false?
In polyphony 2+ voices of equal importance combine in such a way that each voice retains its own identity
Imitation or imitative Counterpoint
a type if counterpoint in which 1 voice introduces each new theme & is answered by other voices that join in succession
In writing ______________, composers had to create at least 2 usually 3 or 4 good melodies that work together
_________ composers during the Renaissance used whatever musical elements they could to enhance the meaning & pleasure of the poetry including word pointing
Composers responded to the reformation by writing new music for the Protestant liturgy in languages other than Latin (vernacular), true or false?
________ music was written for an intimate setting such as a small room with a small group of instruments
_________ __________ differs from most of the oratories is because it does not really have characters and a plot and also contains new testament material
In Opera, New _____________ texture restores a greater sense of balance between text and music
When churches banned opera during ______, impresarios filled their opera houses by hiring the same musicians to perform Oratorio
it is impossible to create an opera in English that can be easily understood because of all of the American consonants and dialects, so it is best to keep it in other languages
Foreign language opera should probably not sung in English for all of the following reasons except:
Opera was the result of:
a small group of philosophers, musicians & poets who met in Florence to consider reviving the synthesis of music and drama as it had been done in the ancient Greek culture
The ritornello principle is based upon:
alternating sections for soloists with sections for the full orchestra
King George II while attending the London premiere of messiah:
was moved by the beauty and majesty of the music and stood in respect
possessed the range of a woman's voice & the power of a man's voice, they came from poor households, it would be barbaric by today's standard
Audiences in the Baroque could be quite noisy before the beginning of the opera due in part to:
people regarded the opera as a social event & the music they were about to hear was new and not a cherished & respected masterwork
During the Baroque Era, churches:
spent large sums of money on lavish decorations and powerful organs
Barbara Stozzi was one of hundreds of women in the Baroque era who published their own compositions, true or false?
Bach took new and bold measures in combining very different instruments timbres as the solo instruments in his Bradenburg Concerto no 2, true or false?
When Bach died in 1750, his music remained very popular and was being performed all over Europe
During the Baroque era, a nation's splendor was measured in cultural terms in addition to political and economic terms
George Frederic Handel was German by birth, he also wrote many Italian operas during his years in London
For his party on the Thames River, King George commissioned Bach to compose music to be sung by a large choir, true or false?
Renaissance composers brought the spirit of humanism to their art by setting both sacred and secular texts in ways that united words and music more directly, true or false?
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