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Theory Chapters 1/2
Terms in this set (19)
Music is written on a STAFF of five lines and the four spaces between.
Oval-shapes symbols that are placed on the lines and in the spaces. They represent musical sounds, called pitches.
CLEF signs help to organize the staff so notes can easily be read. There are two clefs: treble and bass.
The TREBLE CLEF is used for notes in the higher pitch ranges. It is also known as the G clef, since the curl of the treble clef circles the line on which the note G is placed. Line notes: EGBDF (Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge). Space notes: FACE.
The BASS CLEF is used for notes in the lower pitch ranges. It is also known as the F clef, since the two dots of the bass clef surround the line on which the note F is placed. Line notes: GBDFA (Good Boys Deserve Fudge Always). Space notes: ACEG (All Cows Eat Grass).
The GRAND STAFF connects the bass and treble clefs by a brace and a line. On a grand staff, the bar lines and double bar pass through the entire staff.
LEDGER LINES are short lines which are added to extend the range of the staff when the notes are too low or too high to be written on the staff.
2 beats. The half rest sits on the 3rd line.
Dotted half note
4 beats. The whole rest hangs on the 4th line.
Stems extend DOWNWARD on the LEFT side when the note appears ON or ABOVE the 3rd line of the staff. Stems extend UPWARD on the RIGHT side when the note appears BELOW the 3rd line of the staff.
Music is divided into equal parts by BAR LINES.
The area between the two bar lines is called a MEASURE or BAR.
A DOUBLE BAR is written at the end of a piece of music. It is made up of one thin and one thick line, with the thick line always on the outside.
The upper number tells how many beats are in each measure. The lower number indicates what type of note receives 1 beat.
4 beats in each measure. Quarter note receives one beat.
3 beats in each measure. Quarter note receives one beat.
2 beats in each measure. Quarter note receives one beat.
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