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4 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. over ten inches of precipitation per year. long cold winters and short summers. dominant vegetation is gymnosperm
    A. tropical rain forest
    B. taiga
    C. arctic tundra
    D. temperate grassland
    E. desert
  2. the different species of finches on the galapagos islands are believed to have arisen as a result of natural selection acting on populations of finches that had experienced
    A. convergent evolution
    B. gene flow
    C. the bottleneck effect
    D. geographic isolation
    E. hybrid sterility
  3. the banding patterns of viceroy butterflies is an example of:
    A. mimicry
    B. homology
    C. polymorphism
    D. mutualism
    E. commensalism
  4. all of the following statements about characteristics of predator-prey relationships are true EXCEPT:
    A. a rise in the population of a prey is followed by a rise in the population of predators
    B. a rise in population of predators is followed by a decrease in prey
    C. camouflage is an adaptation that protects prey
    D. the production of large numbers of offspring within very short periods of time ensures the survival of some prey populations
    E. the population of predators most often eliminates the population of prey.
  1. a D
  2. b E
  3. c B
  4. d A

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. E
  2. C
  3. C
  4. E
  5. C

5 True/False questions

  1. the wing of a bat, the flipper of a whale, and the forelimb of a horse appear very different, yet detailed studies reveal the presence of the same basic bone pattern. these structures are examples of
    A. analogous structures
    B. homologous structures
    C. vestigial structures
    D. balanced polymorphism
    E. convergent evolution


  2. sl millers classic experiment demonstrated that a discharge of sparks through a mixture of gases could result in the formation of a large variety of organic compounds. all of the following gases were used in this experiment EXCEPT:
    A. hydrogen
    B. methane
    C. ammonia
    D. oxygen
    E. water vapor


  3. for some traits such as birth weight, natural selection favors individuals that are average and the extremes are selected against this is known as:
    A. diversifying selection
    B. directional selection
    C. adaptive radiation
    D. disruptive selection
    E. stabilizing selection


  4. in a HW population, the frequency of the a allele is 0.4. what is the frequency of individuals with Aa genotype?
    A. 0.16
    B. 0.20
    C. 0.60
    D. 0.48
    E. cant tell from info provided


  5. during which of the following periods could the population have been in HW E for the G locus?
    1 1960-1964
    2 1965-1972
    3 1973-1980

    A. 1 only
    B. 2 only
    C. 3 only
    D. 1 and 3 only
    E. 1, 2, and 3