Chapter 2 CNA Training
Terms in this set (98)
the process of exchanging information with others
uses words or sounds
communicating without using words
based on what you see, hear, touch, or smell (signs)
something you cannot or did not observe (symptoms)
the inability to control the bladder or bowels
unconscious behaviors used to release tension or cope with stress
completely rejecting the thought or feeling
seeing feelings in others that are really one's own
transferring a strong negative feeling to a safer place
making excuses to justify a situation
blocking painful thoughts or feelings from the mind
going back to an old, usually immature behavior
a system of learned behaviors, practiced by a group of people, that are considered to be the tradition of that people and are passed on from one generation to the next.
a loss of function or ability; it can be partial or a complete loss
meaning violent or hostile behvaior
the way the parts of the body work together when you move
the way a person holds and positions his body
a broken bone
confusion about person, place, or time.
burns caused by hot liquids
an injury that rubs off the surface of the skin
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
a federal government agency that makes rules to protect workers from hazards on the job.
means being mentally alert and having awareness of surroundings, sensations, and thoughts
emergency care given immediately to an injured person
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
refers to medical procedures used when a person's heart or lungs have stopped working
when something is blocking the tube through which air enters the lungs
a method of attempting to remove an object from the airway of someone who is choking
occurs when organs and tissues in the body do not receive an adequate blood supply
pale or bluish
this results from either too much insulin or too little food
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
caused by having too much insulin
medical term for stroke
caused when the blood supply to the brain is cut off suddenly by a clot or a ruptured blood vessel
transient ischemic attack (TIA)
a warning sign of a CVA and results a temporary lack of oxygen in the brain
the act of rejecting stomach contents through the mouth; vomitting
the term for measures practiced in healthcare facilities to prevent and control the spread of disease
a living thing or organism is so small that it can be seen only through a microscope
another name for a microorganism
occur when harmful microorganisms called pathogens invade the body and multiply
type of infection in the bloodstream and is spread throughout the body
type of infection that is confined to a specific location in the body and has local symptoms near the site of infection
health-care associated infections
infections that patients acquire within health-care settings that result from treatment for other conditions
measures use to reduce the spread of pathogen (hand washing).
means objects are not contaminated with pathogens
mean that objects have been contaminated with pathogens
the state of being free of all microorganisms, not just pathogens
chain of infection
the way of describing how disease is transmitted from one living being to another
a pathogen or microorganism that causes disease
the pathogen lives and grows
portal of exit
any body opening in an infected person that allows pathogens to leave
mode of transmission
describes how the pathogen travels from one person to another
happens by touching the infected person's secretions
results from touching something contaminated by the infected person
portal of entry
any body opening on an infected person that allows pathogens to enter
the membranes that line body cavities, such as the mouth, nose, and eyes
an uninfected person who could get sick
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
a government agency under the department of health and human services
treating all blood, body fluids, non-intact skin, and mucous membranes as if they were infected
mucus coughed up
needles or other sharp objects
hand washing with either plain or antiseptic soap and water
washing hands with water and soap or other detergents that contain an antiseptic agent
personal protective equipment (PPE)
equipment that helps protect employees from serious injuries or illnesses resulting from contact with workplace hazards
care of the genitals and anal area
skin that is broken by abrasions, cuts, dashed, acne, pimples, or boils
a cleaning measure that destroys all microorganisms, including pathogens
a process that kills pathogens, but not all microorganisms
discarded after one use
these precautions are used when caring for persons who are infected or suspected of being infected with a disease
destroys or resists pathogens
microorganisms found in human blood
inflammation of the liver caused by infection
an airborne disease carried on mucous droplets suspended in the air
antibiotic resistant infection often acquired in hospitals and other facilities
genetically changed strain of enterococcus
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)
spore-forming bacteria which can be part of the normal intestinal flora
used instead of infection control
causative agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, susceptible host
What is the steps to the chain of infection?
what does "prn" mean?
When you see a call light, you must respond even if they aren't your resident. True or False?
You should answer a phone call by introducing yourself as well as your facilities' name. T or F?
Hearing aids can get wet. T or F?
You should stand over residents while talking to them. True or False?
What is the most common injury in a facility?
material safety data sheet
a piece of paper that contains chemical ingredients and emergency response actions to be taken
The symptoms of who, mean or women, are more flu-like during a heart attack
what is another name for a heart attack?
this occurs when the heart muscle is not receiving enough oxygen
Is it very important to report how long a seizure lasted? yes or no?
if it has blood or looks like wet coffee grounds
What type of vomit should be reported to the nurse?
A type of airborne disease is the
A type of droplet disease is the
gown, mask, goggles, gloves
What is the order to applying PPE?
gloves, goggles, gown, mask
What is the order to removing PPE?