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BJU World History Chapter #7: The Civilizations of Asia and Africa
Terms in this set (34)
The physical features of the land
Extended family that includes the children, grandchildren, wives, and close blood relatives of a common ancestor
A system of rigid social groups in India
Another name for the Brahman
wheel of life
supposed cycle of rebirths in reincarnation
Chinese term reflecting the belief that China was the center of the earth
Worship of a family's ancestors
Sixty-five thousand characters that represent complete ideas, objects, and sounds
The rule of one family
"Chinese peace" established by the Han Dynasty
Separate printing blocks for each character
A group of families claiming descent from a common ancestor; the basic social, political, and religious unit in Japan
"Great general"; military ruler of Japan; held the real power over the Japanese government from 1192 to 1868
An unwritten military code that governed the conduct of the samurai
Vast grassy plains extending from western China to eastern Europe
Ruling with unlimited authority
The part of Africa south of the Sahara
the native African language of the east African city-states; contained elements of Arabic, Persian, and Indian
Marriage of a husband to more that one wife
A fair-skinned people who came from central Asia sometime after 1500 BC and subdued the non-Aryan people of northwest India; established Sanskrit
Early Indian language established by the Aryans
Collection of religious literature that contains the early traditions and religious beliefs of the people of India
Indian false religion that has no formal statement of doctrine but is based on the Vedas and Upanishads; serves as the unifying influence in India's divers society
Philosophical essays elaborating on the teaching of the Vedas
The false "great" Hindu god who supposedly permeates everything in the universe
religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha); a false religion built upon works and moral behavior
Four Noble Truths
The center of Buddha's false teachings; (1) Suffering is part of all existence (2) Suffering has a cause--selfish desires (3) Suffering can be overcome by destroying selfish desires (4) If man follows the Eightfold Path, he will supposedly destroy selfish desires and end all suffering.
Fourth century Indian empire under which India had perhaps its greatest era of prosperity and achievement.
Eastern false religion founded by Confucius that was based on relationships.
Founded by Lao-Tzu; encouraged people to live in harmony with nature; became the basis of mystical, magical, and superstitious elements in Chinese society.
K'ung Fu-Tzu (Confucius)
THIS IS NOT THE ANSWER
Japanese clan that forged a unified state; claimed divine lineage for the emperor.
A Japanese form of false nature worship that attributed deity to anything in nature that was awe-inspiring or extraordinary; stressed the supremacy of the false sun goddess and the divine descent of the emperor; a false religion of feeling.
Mid-seventh-century restructuring of Japanese government to weaken the strength of the local clan chieftains; known as the "Great Change"
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