GWS Exam 2 Readings
Terms in this set (16)
"Global Health Imperative" - Nancy Fugate Woods
Purpose: to review what we know about the health status and chances for health for girl-children in the world, and suggest policy lenses that allow us to see how to improve the health of girl children
Gender disparities in health are deeply rooted in the gender values of culture.
Some cultural practices reinforce the low status of women.
70% of people in poverty are women and girls.
Women carry the most important society-maintaining role and often get the least attention to their health.
Is the girl-child viewed as fully human? These social policies are health policies.
Without investing in girls- in the home, educational systems, workplaces, communities, and societies- the future for the next generation will remain bleak.
"Rethinking Radical Politics in the Context of Assisted Reproductive Technology"- Jennifer Parks
Question of whether to understand ART as emancipatory for women or as new ways for governments to legislate and control women's lives.
Any account of ART must consider both the radical and conservative agendas, as well as the liberating and oppressive outcomes. We must also account for the "shifting reproductive landscape" these technologies take place in.
We should do what we can to encourage the most radical but least harmful uses of ART so that its practice continues to chip away at the suffocating norm of the heterosexual, married, biologically related family unit. We should use ART to extend the concept of family so that it is more inclusive and better reflects the broad range of lifestyles.
"From Rights to Justice: Women of Color Changing the Face of US Reproductive Rights Organizing" - Zakiya Luna
Sex discrimination kills women daily, and when combined with other forms of oppression, it constitutes a deadly denial of women's rights to life and liberty.
SisterSong's network of organizations frames the concern around women's control of their bodies. They promote a more inclusive human rights framework in reproductive justice organizing.
We have the right to control our own bodies simply because we are human.
"Global Issues in Women's Health"- John Sciarra
Growing populations places pressure on healthcare delivery services especially in low-income countries. Fertility is controlled in high-income countries.
Maternal mortality is the leading cause of death in young women worldwide.
Unsafe abortions and maternal morbidity (need surgery, can't get it and die)
STDs and Cervical Cancer (lack of protection and knowledge,lack of screenings)
We need to elevate the status of women. Physicians need to advocate for women. Women need to have greater involvement in decisions relating to reproductive health care. (work toward programs for women, universal access, and gender equity)
"Sexual and reproductive health and rights in the sustainable development goals and the post-2015 development agenda: less than a year to go"-Marianne Haselgrave
UN's Sustainable Development Goals (17 goals).
The concept of human rights and women's rights are now included. Call everyone to achieve them.
Goals 3 and 5 advocate for women's reproductive health and justice. They advocate for a range of targets to end inequalities for women.
"The Holy See on sexual and reproductive health rights: conservative in position, dynamic in response" - Coates, Hill, Rushton, Balen
The Holy See represents a fundamentally conservative and stable position on a range of sexual and reproductive health rights concerns. Framing these concerns in the context of "the family".
Sexual rights pertain to the use within marriage.
Parents are responsible for sex ed.
Fertility regulation is a private issue.
No abortions, sterilization or contraceptives.
Women's role is within the family, to love and nurture.
"Roe v. Wade"
Jane ROE vs. Henry WADE who enforced the Texas law that prohibited abortion, except to save a woman's life.
A woman's right to abortion fell within the right to privacy protected by the Fourteenth Amendment. The decision gave a woman a right to abortion during the entire pregnancy, and defined different levels of regulating abortion in the second and third trimester.
"Six Myths about Abortion"
1. The Bible Forbids Abortions
2. Women are Coerced into Abortions
3. Abortion is dangerous
4. Too many abortions
5. Abortion is racist
6. Abortion opponents would not punish women
"Marriage Equality: Three Essays" - Audrey Bilger
-Marriage Equality is a Feminist Issue
We need to start giving more credit for the marriage debate to feminism. Without the legacy of feminist activists fighting for marriage as unions of equal partnership, the idea of lesbian and gay marriage rights would be much harder to advocate.
Being able to choose your next of kin presumes equality.
Feminist principle that marriage is between to equals (men and women, women and women, men and men), we need to take this fight seriously.
"Marriage Equality: Three Essays" - Daniel D'Addario
-The Wrong Fight
Polikoff argues there should be other options besides marriage for legal privileges. Marriage should not be the dividing line between a legally recognized relationship or not. Need other markers for who is economically and emotionally dependent on one another. Marriage is not the solution to all social problems.
"Marriage Equality: Three Essays " - Vijayakumar
-Marriage Equality and Beyond
Our issues are not solved. The work is not done. We do not focus on marriage because everything else has been handled. Marriage in rich countries has become a proxy for thinking through a wide range of issues.
Churches sell sex to promote marriage. When Christians limit sex to marriage they put marriage on a pedestal for the wrong reasons, this is not fulfilling christianity. Sex does not need to lead to procreation and churches need to rethink how they "sell" marriage.
"Eve-Mary" and "Motherhood Virginity" -John Paul II
Eve is the sin, Mary is the redemption. Women are created in the image of God which gives them dignity. Women's vocation is to be a mother, either serving their husband and mothering children, or serving God and fulfilling their motherhood spiritually. You're not living to your fullest potential as a woman if you don't do one of these two things.
"Maid to Order"- Barbara Ehrenreich
Housework defined a relationship between human beings, specifically a man and a woman.
When the person who is cleaned up after is consistently male and the cleaner is consistently female, you have a formula for reproducing male domination from one generation to the next.
The home is now becoming an actual work place for women.
A servant economy breeds callousness and solipsism in the served, especially when the service is performed close up and routinely in the place where they live and raise children.
"Is Transnational Labour Migration empowering for Women? Re-evaluating the Case of Married Sri Lankan Domestic Maids" - Handapangoda
Paid employment is seen as a key way for women to be empowered. This article observed 50 Sri Lankan domestic maids. Some women were successful others were not. Overall, all women maid money but other obstacles influenced their empowerment. Role played by the spouse, extended family, ideologies of gender, and personal traits. The women were able to expand their freedom of choice but many were not able to end their dependence.
Gendered divisions of labour in urban crop cultivation in a Kenyan town: implications for livelihood outcomes" -Simiyu and Foeken
Women dominated home gardening, did the "easy" tasks, worked more hours and repetitive tasks, men had more control.
Policies that don't ensure more equal distribution of labour could result in more work for women.
Policies need to support urban crop cultivation in a way that promotes more equitable sharing of labour between men and women without undermining women's access to benefits of urban crop cultivation.
Women will gain more from their experience when their participation comes out of choice rather than need.