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APUSH 31-33

Disillusioned by war and peace, Americans in the 1920s what ideas reflect American views in domestic and foreign affairs
denounce "radical" foreign ideas, condemn "un-American" life styles, shun diplomatic commitments to foreign countries, and restrict immigration
Businesspeople used the red scare to
break the backs of fledgling unions
The most tenacious pursuer of radical elements during the red scare of the early 1920s was
Mitchell Palmer
The KKK of the 1920s was a reaction against
the forces of diversity and modernity that were transforming American culture
Immigration restrictions of the 1920s were introduced as a result of
the nativist belief that Northern Europeans were superior to southern and eastern Europeans
The Immigration Act of 1924 discriminated directly against
Southern and Eastern Europeans
Enforcement of the Volstead Act met the strongest resistance from
eastern city dwellers
The most spectacular example of lawlessness and gangsterism in the 1920s was in
According to John Dewey, a teacher's primary goal is to
Educate a student for life
Basic facts of the Scopes Trial were?
centered on the issues of teaching evolution in public school
Henry Ford's most distinctive contribution to the automobile industry was
relatively cheap automobiles
Frederick W. Taylor, a prominent inventor and engineer, was best known for his
promotion of industrial efficiency and scientific management
The automobile revolution resulted in all of the following
the consolidation of school, the spread of suburbs, a loss of population in less attractive states, and altered youthful successful behavior
Charles Lindbergh's solo flight across the Atlantic made him an American hero especially because
his wholesome youthfulness contrasted with eh cynicism and debunking of the Jazz age
the first talkie motion picture was
The Jazz Singer
How did automobiles, radios, and motion pictures affect American life?
Contributed to the standardization of Am. Life
The 1920 census revealed that, for the first time,
Most Americans lived in the cities
Margaret Sanger was most noted for her advocacy of
Birth Control
Job opportunities for women in the 1920s
Tended to cluster in a few low paying fields
All of the following are true of Marcus Garvey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association,
promoting the resettlement of American blacks in Africa, cultivating feelings of self-confidence and self-reliance among blacks, being sent to prison after a conviction for fraud, and promoting black-owned businesses
Buying stock on margin meant purchasing
It with a small down payment
As secretary of the treasury, Andrew Mellon placed the heaviest tax burden on
The middle-income groups
Which one of the following members of President Harding's cabinet proved to be incompetent and corrupt?
Albert Fall
During the 1920s, the Supreme Court
Often ruled against progressive legislation
One exception to President Warren G. Harding's policy of isolationism involved the Middle East, where the United States sought to
secure oil-drilling concessions for American companies
The 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact
outlawed war as a solution to international rivalry
The Fordney-McCumber and Hawley-Smoot Tariff laws had the long-term effect of
raising the tariff rates, had been substantially raised from the opening of the decade
The Teapot Dome scandal was centered around corrupt deals and bribes involving
mishandling of naval oil reserves
During Coolidge's presidency, government policy was set largely by the interests and values of
The business community
One of the major problems facing farmers int he 1920s was
In the early 1920s, one glaring exception to America's general indifference to the outside world was its
armed intervention in the Caribbean and Central American
America's European allies believed they should not have to repay loans the U.S. made to them during WWI because
They had paid a much heavier price in lost lives, so it was only fair for the US to write off the debt
America's major foreign policy problem in the 1920s was addressed by the Dawes Plan, which
provided a solution to the tangle of war-debt and war-reparation payments
Describe Al Smith's appeal AND weaknesses
Catholic religion, support for the repeal of prohibition, the big-city background, and radio speaking skill were political liabilities for Alfred E. Smith
When elected to the presidency in 1928, Herbert Hoover
combined small-town values with wide experience in modern corporate America
As a result of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930
the world wide depression deepened
President Herbert Hoover believed that the Great Depression could be ended by doing all of the following
directing assisting businesses and banks, keeping faith in the efficiency of the industrial system, continuing to rely on the American tradition of rugged individualism, and lending federal funds to feed farm livestock
The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was established to
make loans to businesses, banks, and state and local governments
President Hoover's public image was severely damaged by his
handling of the dispersal of the Bonus Army
What was the Stimson doctrine?
The 1932 Stimson doctrine declared that the United States would not recognize any territorial acquisition achieved by force of arms
What contributed most to the Franklin Roosevelt's development of compassion and strength of will
FDR's affliction with infantile paralysis
The most vigorous "champion of the dispossessed"-- that is, the poor and minorities-- in Roosevelt administration circles was
Eleanor Roosevelt
In 1932, FDR campaigned on the promise that as president he would attack the Great Depression by
experimenting with bold new programs for economic and social reform
One striking new feature of the 1932 presidential election results was that
that African Americans shifted from their Republican allegiance and became a vital element in the Democratic party
When FDR assumed the presidency in March 1933 what kind of political support idd he have?
he received unprecedented congressional support
The Glass-Steagall Act
created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure individual bank deposits
The most immediate emergency facing FDR when he became president in March 1933 was
the collapse of international trade and unemployment
FDR took America off the gold standard and adopted a managed currency policy designed to
Stimulate inflation
The single most popular New Deal program was probably the
Civilian Conservation Corps
The most complex and ambitious New Deal effort to achieve recovery and reform the entire American economy was the
National Recovery Act
Probably the most radical New Deal program that provoked widespread charges of creeping socialism was the
Tennessee valley authority
President Roosevelt's chief "administrator of relief" and one of his closest advisors was
Harry Hopkins
Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana gained a large national following by promising to
give every family 5,000 dollars
All of the following contributed to the Dust Bowl of the 1930s
Dry-farming techniques, droughts, the cultivation of marginal farmlands on the Great Plains, and soil erosion
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 attempted to
reverse the forced assimilation of Native Americans into white society by establishing tribal self-government
The fate of most of the Okies and other Dust Bowl migrants who headed west to California was that they
escaped the deprivation and uncertainty of seasonal farm labor when they found jobs in defense industries during WWII
The Federal Securities Act and the Securities Exchange Commission aimed to
Provide full disclosure of information and prevent insider trading and other fraudulent practices
The strongest criticisms leveled against the Tennessee Valley Authority was that it
represented the first stage of "creeping socialism"
The most controversial aspect of Tennessee Valley Authority was its efforts in
Electrical power
The Social Security Act of 1935 provided all of the following
unemployment insurance, old-age pensions, economic provisions for the blind and disabled, and support for the blind and physically handicapped
The Wagner Act of 1935 proved to be a trailblazing law that
gave labor the right to bargain collectively
The 1936 election was most notable for
its reflection of a bitter class struggle between the poor and the rich
President Roosevelt's Court-packing scheme in 1937 reflected his desire to make the Supreme Court
more sympathetic to New Deal Programs
As a result of the 1937 Roosevelt recession
Roosevelt adopted Keynesian (planned deficit spending) economies
By 1938, the New Deal
Had lost most of its momentum
FDR's New Deal was most notable for
proving moderate social reform without radical revolution or reactionary fascism